Effects of Parental Mediation, Digital Skills, Gender and Socioeconomic Status on the Internet Uses of Children and Adolescents


Objective: This study aimed to research the effects of parental mediation, digital skills, gender, and socioeconomic status on the Internet uses of children and adolescents between 9 and 17 years old. Method: The Kids Online survey (Pérez-Sánchez, 2019) was applied to a national representative sample of 1008 Costa Rican children and adolescents, 50.6% women and an average age of 12.75 (SD = 2.55). A stratified random sample was followed. Structural equation modeling and moderation, and mediation analysis were conducted. Conclusions: Results show that specific parental mediation types can contribute to promote or inhibit different Internet uses, resulting in active mediation as the main promoter and monitoring mediation as the main inhibitor, above restrictive mediation. Digital skills have a partial mediation effect in the association between types of mediation and Internet uses. This effect helps to counteract the limiting or restrictive effects of mediation on opportunities. Furthermore, a moderator effect of gender and socioeconomic status in the relationship between the type of mediation and Internet uses was found.

Author Biographies

Rolando Pérez-Sánchez, Universidad de Costa Rica

Profesor catedrático. Universidad de Costa Rica. Labora en el Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas Universidad de Costa Rica. Sus estudios doctorales los realizó en Sociología de la Comunicación en la Universidad de Frankfurt, Alemania. Áreas de interés investigativo: la psicología social de los usos y efectos de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, así como los procesos socio-cognitivos y emocionales asociados al uso de redes sociales.

Carlos Brenes-Peralta, Universidad de Costa Rica

Investigador postdoctorante. Universidad de Costa Rica. Labora en el Centro de Investigación y Estudios Políticos de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Formación académica: Licenciatura en Psicología, Universidad de Costa Rica, Maestría en Investigación Social y Comunicación, Universidad Libre de Amsterdam (Holanda), PhD en Comunicación Política, Universidad de Amsterdam (Holanda). Áreas de interés investigativo: la psicología social de los usos y efectos de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, la exposición selectiva y procesamiento de contenido noticioso, la investigación en opinión pública, desinformación y noticias falsas.


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How to Cite
Pérez-Sánchez, R., & Brenes-Peralta, C. (2022). Effects of Parental Mediation, Digital Skills, Gender and Socioeconomic Status on the Internet Uses of Children and Adolescents. Revista Electrónica Educare, 26(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.15359/ree.26-1.1
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