The Hydration Status of Female Collegiate Soccer Players Over Consecutive Training and Match Days

Keywords: Soccer, Hydration, Urine Specific Gravity, Fluid Intake

Abstract

Purpose: Hydration has been shown to play a pivotal role in sport. Soccer is a team sport in which the integrity of all players is vital for team performance; thus, individual player hydration status is important. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the hydration status of female collegiate soccer players during regular season.

Methods: Sixteen collegiate female soccer players (age: 20.4 ± 0.8 years; height: 163.6 ± 6.9 cm; weight: 65.3 ± 12 kg) provided urine over 9 days to monitor their hydration status. Hydration was determined by urine specific gravity (Usg).  Usg was analyzed in the morning (AM) and in the afternoon before practice/game (PM).

Results: All 16 players were at least minimally hypohydrated (Usg > 1.010) in the AM on 5 of the 9 days tested. Players had significantly higher Usg values in the AM as compared to PM (F(1,250) = 23.09; p < 0.0001); however, there was no significant time*day interaction (F(1,250) = 1.98; p = 0.16).

Conclusion: Data show a high prevalence of hypohydration occurring in this specific population. This sub-optimal hydration status could be a cause for concern in terms of overall performance. Efforts should be made to integrate hydration interventions and daily monitoring to minimize hypohydration in players.

Author Biographies

Holly E. Clarke, Florida State University, Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Science

Auburn University at Montgomery, Department of Kinesiology

Rebekah S. Carpenter, University of Kentucky, Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion

Auburn University at Montgomery, Department of Kinesiology

Katie Spain-Mansmann, Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine

Auburn University at Montgomery, Department of Kinesiology

James Kyle Taylor, Auburn University at Montgomery, Department of Kinesiology

Department of Medical & Clinical Laboratory Sciences

Matthew M. Schubert, California State University - San Marcos, Department of Kinesiology

Auburn University at Montgomery, Department of Kinesiology

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Published
2020-12-01
How to Cite
Clarke, H., Carpenter, R., Spain-Mansmann, K., Taylor, J., & Schubert, M. (2020). The Hydration Status of Female Collegiate Soccer Players Over Consecutive Training and Match Days. MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 18(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.18-1.8

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