EFFECTS OF AN INTENSE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM ON THE BLOOD PRESSURE AND HEART RATE OF 12-15-YEAR-OLD ADOLESCENTS

  • Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez Universidad de Murcia, España, Spain http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9897-5273
  • Jonathan Nicolás López Universidad de Murcia, Spain
  • Arturo Díaz Suárez Universidad de Murcia, Spain
Keywords: Students, Physical Education, Cardiovascular Health

Abstract

Introduction and objective: research focused on the improvement of cardiovascular health is very important nowadays. This paper focuses on studying the effects of a physical activity program on the blood pressure and heart rate of a group of adolescents. Method: This investigation involved 38 adolescents (14 males and 24 females), ages between 12 and 15 years old (average age 13.61 and standard deviation 1.00). The variables considered were: blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) and resting heart rate. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured by a Visomat Comfort 20/40 arm sphygmomanometer. The procedure was as follows: pre-test, intervention and pos-test. The intervention consisted of 3 days per week of high-intensity physical activity, 15 minutes per day, during 12 weeks. Results: Data was analyzed through the SPSS 22 and significant improvements were obtained in blood pressure and heart rate (Sig <0.05). Conclusions: The physical activity program implemented in this study is a useful tool to improve blood pressure and heart rate in adolescents.

Author Biographies

Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez, Universidad de Murcia, España
Licenciado en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte. Maestro (especialidad Educación Física). Máster Universitario en Investigación en Educación Física y Salud. Máster Universitario en Formación del Profesorado de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria y Bachillerato, Formación Profesional y Enseñanza de Idiomas (especialidad de Educación Física). Investigador del Grupo de investigación deporte, gestión y recreación (INGESPORT). Profesor de la Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Universidad de Murcia, España
Jonathan Nicolás López, Universidad de Murcia

Técnico Superior en Animación y Actividades Físicas y Deportivas. Graduado en Ciencias de la Actividad Física
y del Deporte. Colaborador del Grupo de investigación deporte, gestión y recreación (INGESPORT) de la Universidad de Murcia (España).

Arturo Díaz Suárez, Universidad de Murcia
Licenciado en Educación Física. Doctor en Ciencias de la Educación. Catedrático de Universidad y Decano de la Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte de la Universidad de Murcia. Investigador principal del Grupo de investigación deporte, gestión y recreación (INGESPORT) de la Universidad de Murcia (España)

References

Álvarez, C., Olivo, J., Robinson, O., Quintero, J., Carrasco, V., Ramírez-Campillo, R., Andrade, D.C, & Martínez, C. (2013). Efectos de una sesión de ejercicio aeróbico en la presión

arterial de niños, adolescentes y adultos sanos. Revista Médica de Chile, 141(11), 1363–1370.http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872013001100001

Álvarez, I., Barrenechea, M.C., Basso, I., Bernadá, M., Bonelli, S., Caggiani, M., Duhagón, P., Espósito, A., Farré, Y., Gambetta, J. C., Giachetto, G., García, E., Mayado, C., Miralles, M.

V., Peluffo, C., Rébori, A., Torterolo, V., Suárez, A. & Velazco, M. (2002). Hipertensiónarterial en el niño y el adolescente. Archivos de Pediatría de Uruguay, 73(1), 26‐31.

Borrego-Balsalobre, F. J., López-Sánchez, G. F. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2012). Physical condition influence in self-concept of a teens group of Alcantarilla town. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 12(S2), 57-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.04.320

Borrego-Balsalobre, F. J., López-Sánchez, G. F. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2014). Relationships between physical fitness and physical self-concept in Spanish adolescents. PROCEDIA: Social and

Behavioral Sciences, 132(1), 343-350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.04.320

Borrego-Balsalobre, F. J., López-Sánchez, G. F. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015a). Effects of a vigorous physical activity program in the endurance of primary school children. ATHLOS: International Journal of Social Sciences of Physical Activity, Game and Sport, 8(8), 31-46.

Borrego-Balsalobre, F. J., López-Sánchez, G. F. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015b). Effects of a vigorous physical activity program in the strength of primary schoolchildren. TRANCES: Revista de

Transmisión del Conocimiento Educativo y de la Salud, 7(3), 387-406.

Borrego-Balsalobre, F. J., López-Sánchez, G. F. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015c). Influence of a vigorous physical activity program on cholesterol level of Primary schoolchildren. AGON: International Journal of Sport Sciences, 5(2), 60-71.

Buchan, D. S., Ollis, S., Young, J. D., Thomas, N. E., Cooper, S. M., Tong, T. K. & Baker, J. S. (2011). The effects of time and intensity of exercise on novel and established markers of

CVD in adolescent youth. American Journal of Human Biology, 23(4), 517-526. https://doi. org/10.1002/ajhb.21166

Casado, G. (2001). Estudio sobre la inactividad física como factor de riesgo cardiovascular en niños: relación con la capacidad aeróbica mediante tests de laboratorio y de

campo. Proyecto de Tesis Doctoral. Universidad de Granada.

Chaves-Becker, M., Barbosa-Silva, O., Gonçalves-Moreira, I.E. & Guimarães Victor, E. (2006). Arterial blood pressure in adolescents during exercise stress testing. Arq Bras Cardiol,

(3), 297–300.

Chillón, P., Delgado, M., Tercedor, P. & González, M. (2002). Actividad físico-deportiva en escolares adolescentes. Retos: nuevas tendencias en educación física, deporte y

recreación, 1(3), 5-12.

Da Silva, D. F., Bianchini, J. A. A., Antonini, V. D. S., Hermoso, D. A. M., Lopera, C. A., Pagan, B. G. M. & Junior, N. N. (2014). Parasympathetic cardiac activity is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness in overweight and obese adolescents. Pediatric cardiology, 35(4), 684-690. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00246-013-0838-6

ESH Working Group on Blood Pressure Monitoring (2008). European Society of Hypertension guidelines for blood pressure monitoring at home: a summary report of the Second

International Consensus Conference on Home Blood Pressure Monitoring. Journal of Hypertension, 26(8), 1505-1530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e328308da66

Fagard, R. H. (2001). Exercise characteristics and the blood pressure response to dynamic physical training. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 33(6), 484-492. https://doi.

org/10.1097/00005768-200106001-00018

Farah, B.Q., Ritti-Dias, R.M., Balagopal, P.B., Hill, J.O. & Prado, W.L. (2013) Does exercise intensity affect blood pressure and heart rate in obese adolescents? A 6-month multidisciplinary randomized intervention study. Pedriatic Obesity, 9(2), 111–120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00145.x

Harber, M., Ivey, E., Snyder, E., Arvin, K., Furrow, J. & Hayes, E. (2016). High Intensity Interval Exercise Acutely Reduces Central Blood Pressure and Peripheral Arterial Stiffness. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 48(5 Suppl 1), 1016-1016. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000488057.87311.72

Krustrup, P., Hansen, P. R., Nielsen, C. M., Larsen, M. N., Randers, M. B., Manniche, V., Hansen, L., Dvorak, J. & Bangsbo, J. (2014). Structural and functional cardiac adaptations

to a 10‐week school‐based football intervention for 9–10‐year‐old children. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 24(S1), 4-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.12277

López-Sánchez, L. & López-Sánchez, G. F. (2013). Enseñanza del tenis para personas con síndrome Down. Una experiencia práctica. EmásF: Revista Digital de Educación Física,

(20), 1-9.

López-Sánchez, G. F., Borrego-Balsalobre, F. J. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2013). Effects of a physical activity program on body composition of school children of 3-5 years. SPORTK: Revista

Euroamericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 2(2), 41-44.

López-Sánchez, G. F., López-Sánchez, L. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2014). Effects of a physical activity program on the physical fitness of schoolchildren with ADHD. RICCAFD: Revista

Iberoamericana de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, 3(3), 24-37.

López-Sánchez, G. F., López-Sánchez, L. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015a). Trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH) y actividad física. EmásF: Revista Digital de

Educación Física, 32, 1-13.

López-Sánchez, L., López-Sánchez, G. F. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015b). Effects of a physical activity program on the body image of schoolchildren with ADHD. Cuadernos de Psicología del

Deporte, 15(2), 135-142. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1578-84232015000200015

López-Sánchez, L., López-Sánchez, G. F. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015c). Effects of a physical activity program on the heart rate, blood pressure and oxygen saturation of schoolchildren

with ADHD. Revista electrónica actividad física y ciencias, 7(1), 1-24.

López-Sánchez, G. F., López-Sánchez, L. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015d). Effects of a physical activity program on the body composition of schoolchildren with ADHD. KRONOS:

Revista Científica de Actividad Física y Deporte, 14(2), 1-9.

López-Sánchez, G. F., López-Sánchez, L. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015e). Effects of a physical activity program on the life quality of schoolchildren with attention deficit hyperactivity

disorder. AGON: International Journal of Sport Sciences, 5(2), 86-98.

López-Sánchez, G. F., López-Sánchez, L. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2015f). Body composition and heart rate variability: relations to age, sex, obesity and physical activity. SPORTK: Revista

Euroamericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 4(2), 33-40.

López-Sánchez, G. F., López-Sánchez, L. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2016a). Effects of a physical activity program on the sleep quality of schoolchildren with ADHD. SPORTK: Revista

Euroamericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 5(1), 19-26.

López-Sánchez, G. F., López-Sánchez, L. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2016b). Effects of a physical activity program on the general dynamic and segmentary coordination of boys with ADHD. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 8(2), 115-128.

López-Sánchez, G. F., Ahmed, D., Borrego-Balsalobre, F. J., López-Sánchez, L. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2016c). Level of habitual physical activity in 8-9 years old schoolchildren from Spain

and India. MHSalud: Revista en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Salud, 12(2), 1-10.

López-Sánchez, G. F., González-Víllora, S. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2016d). Level of habitual physical activity in children and adolescents from the Region of Murcia (Spain). SpringerPlus, 5(1),1-1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-2033-8

López-Sánchez, G. F., Nicolás-López, J. & Díaz-Suárez, A. (2016e). Effects of a program of intense physical activity on the body composition of adolescents from Murcia. SPORT

TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 5(2), 83-88.

McEneny, J., O’Kane, M. J., Moles, K. W., McMaster, C., McMaster, D., Mercer, C. & Young,I. S. (2000). Very low density lipoprotein subfractions in Type II diabetes mellitus:

alterations in composition and susceptibility to oxidation. Diabetologia, 43(4), 485-493. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001250051333

Pérez, M., Pfeffer, F., Rubio, M. & Meléndez, G. (2011). Association of physical activity in 9 and 10 years old Mexican children with their weight and body composition. The FASEB

Journal, 25(1), 781-786.

Perichart-Perera, O., Balas-Nakash, M., Ortiz-Rodríguez, V., Morán-Zenteno, J. A., GuerreroOrtiz, J. L. & Vadillo-Ortega, F. (2008). Programa para mejorar marcadores de riesgo

cardiovascular en escolares mexicanos. Salud pública de México, 50(3), 218-226. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342008000300005

Rabelo, L. M. (2001). Fatores de risco para doença aterosclerótica na adolescência. J Pediatr, 77(2), 153-164. https://doi.org/10.2223/JPED.303

Reckziegel, M. B., Burgos, M. S., Reuter, C. P. & Junior, B. B. (2010). Interacción del perfil antropométrico y la actividad física con la tensión arterial en niños y adolescentes. Archivos de medicina del deporte, 27(137), 191-200.

Salem, M. A., AboElAsrar, M. A., Elbarbary, N. S., ElHilaly, R. A. & Refaat, Y. M. (2010). Is exercise a therapeutic tool for improvement of cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents

with type 1 diabetes mellitus? A randomised controlled trial. Diabetology & metabolic syndrome, 2(1), 1-1.Stergiou, G. S.,

Tzamouranis, D., Nasothimiou, E. G. & Protogerou, A. D. (2008). Can an electronic device with a single cuff be accurate in a wide range of arm size? Validation of the Visomat Comfort 20/40 device for home blood pressure monitoring. Journal of Human Hypertension, 22(11), 796-800.http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jhh.2008.70

Stevens, J., Cai, J., Evenson, K. R. & Thomas, R. (2002). Fitness and fatness as predictors of mortality from all causes and from cardiovascular disease in men and women in the lipid

research clinics study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 156(9), 832-841. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwf114

Swain, D. P. & Franklin, B. A. (2006). Comparison of cardioprotective benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity aerobic exercise. The American journal of cardiology, 97(1),

-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.07.130

Tanasescu, M., Leitzmann, M. F., Rimm, E. B., Willett, W. C., Stampfer, M. J. & Hu, F. B. (2002). Exercise type and intensity in relation to coronary heart disease in men. Jama, 288(16),

-2000. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.288.16.1994

Väistö, J., Eloranta, A. M., Viitasalo, A., Tompuri, T., Lintu, N., Karjalainen, P., Lampinen, E.K.,Agren, J., Laaksonen, D.E., Lakka, H.M., Lindi, V. & Lakka, T.A. (2014). Physical activity

and sedentary behaviour in relation to cardiometabolic risk in children: cross-sectional findings from the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11(55), 1-10. https://

doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-11-55

Whelton, S. P., Chin, A., Xin, X., & He, J. (2002). Effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials. Annals of internal medicine, 136(7), 493-503. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-136-7-200204020-00006

Published
2016-11-04
How to Cite
López Sánchez, G., López, J., & Díaz Suárez, A. (2016). EFFECTS OF AN INTENSE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY PROGRAM ON THE BLOOD PRESSURE AND HEART RATE OF 12-15-YEAR-OLD ADOLESCENTS. MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.13-2.3

Comentarios (ver términos de uso)