MHSalud: Revista en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Salud <p style="text-align: left;"><strong>MHSalud Journal:&nbsp;Journal of Human Movement Sciences and Health</strong> is&nbsp;<span class="tlid-translation translation">bi-annual scientific, bilingual and multidisciplinary publication.</span>&nbsp;<span class="tlid-translation translation">Its objective is to disseminate quality scientific knowledge generated in the field of Human Movement Sciences and Health through a digital, scientific, international and multidisciplinary journal. The areas in which manuscripts will be received are all those related to the Human Movement and Health sciences such as: Physical Education, Physical Health Promotion, Exercise Physiology, Motor Behavior, Sports Performance, Human Movement Medicine, Therapy Physics, Nutrition and human movement, Psychology and human movement, Physical Activity, among others. It is oriented at professionals in the Human Movement and Health Sciences as well as the general public. It is indexed in: SciElo, Redalyc, LATINDEX, DOAJ, OAI, Livre, DIALNET, DRJI and in the Emerging Source Citation Index (ESCI). MHSalud Journal does not charge for admission, processing or publication of articles.</span></p> en-US <p><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span class="" title=""><strong>Self-archiving policy</strong>: The journal allows the self-archiving of the articles in their peer-reviewed version, edited and approved by the Editorial Board of the Journal to be available in Open Access through the Internet.</span> <span class="" title="">More information in the following link: <a title="sherpa" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></span></span></p> <p><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><strong><span class="" title="">General conditions</span></strong><br><span class="" title="">The journal is hosted in open access repositories such as the Institutional Repository of the Universidad Nacional, the Kimuk Repository of Costa Rica and La Referencia.</span><br><span class="" title="">The editorial source must be recognized.</span></span></p> <p><span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span class="" title=""><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Licencia Creative Commons"></a></span></span></p> <p>MHSalud: Journal in Human Movement Sciences and Health by the Universidad Nacional is cover under a <a href="">Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Costa Rica</a> license.</p> (María Amalia Penabad-Camacho) (UNAWEB Department) Fri, 15 Mar 2019 00:00:00 -0600 OJS 60 Literature Review: Effects of Exercise on Intraocular Pressure <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The relationship between intraocular pressure (IOP) and acute exercise has been studied in recent years. It has been found that acute exercise has a positive effect on IOP; however, aerobic exercise and strength exercise present different results. As for acute aerobic exercise, it can be mentioned that it provides a positive effect on the intraocular pressure since it decreases, while the strength exercise gives variability in the results obtained according to the research studies consulted. <strong>Purpose:</strong> Show the results obtained from the investigation related to the aerobic exercise and strength exercise and intraocular pressure in order to provide recommendations to healthy populations with glaucoma. <strong>Methods</strong>: The literature review searched for articles in the following databases: SportDiscus with complete text, PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Rehabilitation &amp; Sports Medicine Source, Google academics, Research Gate, PubMed.<strong>Results:</strong> Acute aerobic exercise seems to have a significant effect on intraocular pressure: it decreases it. This result occurs in sedentary people with glaucoma. For physically active people or athletes, in order to reduce IOP, it is necessary to exercise at higher intensities compared to sedentary people. Regarding the length of acute aerobic exercise, it seems that, with only 5 minutes, there is a decrease in IOP. At the end of the exercise, the acute effect of aerobic exercise seems to be maintained for a short time in the IOP; more research on&nbsp; the chronic effect is necessary. Also, more research is needed and should involve variables, such as sex and age, within the study analyses and not as descriptive statistics, in order to know the effect of exercise on them. Regarding the strength exercises, the IOP increases in the upper part of the body when compared with exercises in the lower part. High-intensity strength exercises increase the IOP. <strong>Conclusions: </strong>The results show that people with normal visual condition and glaucoma can perform aerobic exercise, achieving a positive effect on their visual health. On the other hand, there is a lack of research in strength exercise; it is recommended that these studies be conducted at low intensities, according to the data obtained in this review. Regarding the quality of the studies found, the designs could be improved in the investigations. Most of these studies did not have control groups, nor did they specify the intensity; besides, they missed including descriptive aspects needed to be able to have more accurate information.</p> Carolina Alemán Ramírez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 19 Jun 2019 00:00:00 -0600 Effect of an Adapted Program of Physical Education in Children with Hearing Disability on Motor Coordination <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To evaluate the effect of an adapted physical education program on students with hearing impairment on the motor quotient.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The design of the study was quasi-experimental, with convenience sampling, involving thirty-eight children with an average age of 7.4 ± 0.9 years, diagnosed with weakness or hearing loss, from two schools of the city of Mexicali, Baja California. Mexico. The participants were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 23) and a control group (n = 15). The motor quotient was evaluated using the KTK children's body coordination test (Kiphard Körperkoordinationstest für Kindergarten and Schiling, as per the German acronym), through the tests, balancing movements of backs, jumps on one foot, lateral jumps and transposition on a platform. The program was carried out for four months, five times a week, with a duration of 50 minutes per session. The communication with the students was through the Mexican sign language, and the tasks performed emphasized motor coordination.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> When comparing the results between groups of the motor quotient variable, with the mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) 2 x 2, a doubly significant interaction between the groups and the measurements was observed (p = 0.01); the percentages of change (Δ %) were 26% for the experimental group, and 6.5% for the control group (Δ%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> It is established that the application of a physical education program adapted for four months improves the motor coordination in children with hearing disabilities.</p> Paulina Yesica Ochoa-Martínez, Javier Arturo Hall-López, Abel Alberto Carmona López, Mara Michell Morales Ramírez, Edgar Ismael Alarcón Meza, Pedro Sáenz-Lopez Buñuel ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 13 Jun 2019 00:00:00 -0600 Benefits of Equine-Assisted Therapy on the Gait Variables in People Older Than 18 Years With Motor Impairments Secondary to Stroke or Multiple Sclerosis <p>We analyzed the results obtained from the benefits of equine-assisted therapy in gait variables (balance, coordination and postural control) on people over eighteen years old with transitory or permanent physical and/or physiological deficiencies secondary to stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) or multiple sclerosis (relapse remission and/or secondary progressive) after their participation in the therapy. The methodology used was a narrative review of the existing up-to-date literature with a systematic research method on the following databases: PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and Scopus in order to make a bibliographical update about the topic. At last, eleven articles were selected for further analysis (systematic reviews, Randomized Clinical Trial, a case-control study). The results of these articles agree that the use of equine-assisted therapy can be effective in improving the variables mentioned above. However, there is not enough information available on different search engines, so there is a need to conduct studies with a representative sample size where they have to use the same evaluation scales in order to be able to objectify and standardize the results. Conclusion: nowadays around the world there are different studies, which indicate that equine-assisted therapy can be an effective tool in the rehabilitation of the different components that affect gait, such as balance or coordination, in people with motor impairments secondary to stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) or Multiple Sclerosis (relapse remission and/or secondary progressive). Therefore, we could consider the use of equine-assisted therapy as a therapeutic tool in the rehabilitation process of gait in people over eighteen years old with neurological damage.</p> Karina Daniela Anguita Córdova, Gilda del Carmen González Díaz, Eduardo Nicolás Villagra Parra, Claudia Beatriz Navarrete Hidalgo, Tamara Andrea Sanhueza Inzunza ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 14 Jun 2019 00:00:00 -0600 Levels of Physical Activity and Its Relation Between the Distribution by Sex and Academic Program in a University <p>The purpose of the study was to relate the levels of physical activity identified in university students with their gender and the academic program to which they belong. The cross-sectional methodology with stratified simple random sampling design without replacement, with a sample size of 329 students, was evaluated by probabilistic surveys using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire short version. The Excel program was used to tabulate the data and the statistical software R-project to obtain BoxPlot graphics and Chi2 test, as well as the correspondence analysis for multivariate data representation. The results were that 65.7% of the students are at a low level, 19.8% on a moderate level, 14.6% in a high level of physical activity. The prevalence of low levels of physical activity in men was 55.6% and in women 70.6%. Statistically, the level of physical activity depends on the student's gender (p &lt;0.05), with women obtaining a lower level of physical activity. The level of physical activity also depends on the undergraduate program that the student studies (p &lt;0.05), acquiring higher levels of physical activity those who study Bachelor of Physical Education. In conclusion, most of the university students are in the margin of sedentarism, with a higher prevalence in women and academic programs with few human movement practices. For this reason, it is suggested to encourage strategies that promote the performance of a regular physical activity, independently of the existence of programs, such as Physiotherapy whose object of study is focused on human movement.</p> Keily Catherine Puerta Mateus, Regis De La Rosa Luna, Ana Matilde Ramos Vivanco ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 17 Jun 2019 00:00:00 -0600 Analysis of Overweight and Obesity, Levels of Physical Activity, and Self-Esteem in School Children of San Pedro Sula, Honduras <p>The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of overweight, obesity, physical activity levels, and self-esteem of the school children population of San Pedro Sula. The sample was 825 children aged 9-13 years, which were divided into 416 girls and 409 boys. Measurements of BMI (kg/H^2), Physical Activity level (PAQ-C) and Self-esteem (LAWSEQ) were made. A factorial analysis (ANOVA) was performed to observe differences between groups and the Pearson correlation for the study of the relationship of variables with 95% confidence intervals. It was found that 79.8% are in a healthy weight state; 14.8% in overweight and obesity, and 5.3% in malnutrition. It was also found that a moderate level of physical activity predominates in most of the children and a low self-esteem level in 46.9% and average self-esteem of 50.5%. Another finding was that the level of physical activity has a highly positive correlation with sex, being higher in boys than in girls; also physical activity has a very high positive correlation (r = 0.81, <em>p&nbsp;=&nbsp;0.001</em>) with self-esteem. Our results indicate that children in Honduras show a greater practice of physical activity by children than that of girls. In addition, it was found that a higher level of physical activity could be associated with better self-esteem in children.</p> Aldo Alfonso Vasquez-Bonilla, Constantino Zelaya-Paz, Jaime García-Aguilar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 17 Jun 2019 00:00:00 -0600