Manejo de Mercancías Químicas peligrosas en puerto Caldera, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
AbstractPuerto Caldera, located in Puntarenas, Costa Rica, is one of the most important Harbors of Central America, which is a key point to transport about 1.5 millions of metric tons of different categories of products every year, including dangerous chemical merchandise. The chemical has have originated emergencies, which has given rise to the necessity to asses load and unload process, and storage.
In attention to the matter the most important aspects related to the fulfillment of the national and international norms during the merchandise dangerous transportation in Harbors were evaluated.
According to the evaluation of the different handling, storage and transportation processes, Puerto Caldera, face among others the following problems:
Personal training necessities addressed to the employees involved in the process of handling dangerous merchandise.
Insufficient equipment and materials to guarantee a safe environment.
The permanence of merchandise for long periods in warehouse.
Unsuitable conditions of warehouse for the proper storage of chemical merchandise.
Absence of classification and location criteria of dangerous chemical merchandise in the unloading and loading areas as well as in warehouse.
Based up the previous evaluations, the following aspects were developed:
An improvement plan for adequate handling of chemical merchandise.
Recommendation of specific guidelines to create a Contingencies Plan.The purposes of the two aspects are to promote actions to diminish the risk of accidents associated to the handling of a dangerous merchandise. In the same way, it was proposed a Plan of Improvement and basic lineaments to elaborate a Plan of Contingencies that includes actions to diminish the risk of accidents associated to the handling of dangerous merchandise and to diminish the consequences, in case of accident, as far as the loss of lives, damages to the people, the property and the environment. All this will make Puerto Caldera a safe place for the handling of chemical dangerous merchandise.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors guarantee the journal the right to be the first publication of the work as licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors can set separate additional agreements for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in the journal (eg, place it in an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
3. The authors have declared to hold all permissions to use the resources they provided in the paper (images, tables, among others) and assume full responsibility for damages to third parties.
4. The opinions expressed in the paper are the exclusive responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the opinion of the editors or the Universidad Nacional.
Uniciencia Journal and all its productions are under Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0 Unported.
There is neither fee for access nor Article Processing Charge (APC)