Evaluation of Relative Abundance and Perception of the Presence of Rock Pigeons Columba Livia (Columbiformes: Columbidae) at the National University of Costa Rica

  • Óscar Ramírez-Alán Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas Universidad Nacional Heredia, Costa Rica
  • Jorge De la O-Castro Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas Universidad Nacional Heredia, Costa Rica
  • Dayatri Bolaños-Picado Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas Universidad Nacional Heredia, Costa Rica
  • Jean Karl Mc Queen-Blanco Escuela de Ciencias Biológicas Universidad Nacional Heredia, Costa Rica
Keywords: Increase, perch, relative abundance, social perception, National University.

Abstract

The presence of Columba livia dove in infrastructures leads to their deterioration. The increase of these birds in large cities has alarmed the population; the same situation occurs at the National University of Costa Rica premises. This study aimed to monitor the population due to its relative abundance. Five buildings within the university were selected, following the criterion of the presence of pigeons. Direct observation was conducted over a period of five months, three times a week. It was found that the west side of the Chemistry building is the most crowded (4.37 ± 1.17); the birds use spaces, such as air conditioners and holes on the roofs, as sites for nesting. 53% of the University workers interviewed disagreed in eradication processes. The availability of food resources and infrastructure are key factors to attract pigeons as these factors are ideal for nesting and roosting, which directly contributes to the growth of their populations. We recommend reducing artificial sites that can be used as perch, covering all the possible holes used for nesting, and educating people about potential problems that these pigeons can create.

References

Ballarini, G., Baldaccini, N. E., y Pezza, F. (1989). Colombi in città: aspetti biologici, sanitari e giuridici: metodologie di controllo. Istituto nazionale di biologia della selvaggina: Alessandro Ghigi.

Barlow, N. D., Kean, J. M., & Briggs, C. J. (1997). Modelling the relative efficacy of culling and sterilisation for controlling populations. Wildlife Research, 24(2), 129-141. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR95027

Giunchi, D., Soldatini, C., Vanni, L., Baldaccini, N. E., y Albores-Barajas, Y. V. (2012). Feral pigeons: problems, dynamics and control methods. INTECH Open Access Publisher. http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/31536

Haag-Wackernagel, D. (1995). Regulation of the street pigeon in Basel. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 23 (2), 256-260.

Haag-Wackernagel, D. y Moch, H. (2004). Health hazards posed by feral pigeons. Journal of Infection, 48(4), 307-313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2003.11.001

Jerolmack, C. (2008). How pigeons became rats: The cultural-spatial logic of problem animals. Social Problems, 55(2), 72–94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/sp.2008.55.1.72

Johnston, R.F., y Janiga, M. (1985). Feral pigeons, Oxford University Press, New York.

Jokimaki, J., y Suhonen, J. (1998). Distribution and habitat selection of wintering birds in urban environments. Landsc. Urban Plann, 34, 253–263. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(97)00089-3

Lancaster, R. K., y Rees, W. E. (1979). Bird communities and the structure of urban habitats. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 57(12), 2358-2368. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z79-307

Mendez-Tovar, L. J.; Mainou, L. M.; Pizarro, S. A.; Fortoul-Vandergoes, T. y Lopez- Martinez, R. (1995). Fungal biodeterioration of colonial facades in Mexico City. Revista Mexicana de Micologia, 11, 133–144.

Olalla, A., Ruiz, G., Ruvalcaba, I., y Mendoza, R. (2009). Palomas, especies invasoras. Biodiversitas, 82, 7-10.

Pimentel, D., Lach, L., Zuniga, R., y Morrison, D. (2000). Environmental and economic costs of nonindigenous species in the United States. BioScience, 50(1), 53-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2000)050[0053:EAECON]2.3.CO;2

Ramírez, O., Amador, M., Camacho, L., Carranza, I. J., Chaves, E., Moya, A., y Quiros, W. (2008). Conocimiento popular de la paloma de Castilla (Columba livia) en el Parque Central de Alajuela. Zeledonia, 12(1), 14-19.

Sacchi, R., Gentilli, A., Razzetti, E., y Barbieri, F. (2002). Effects of building features on density and flock distribution of feral pigeons Columba livia var. domestica in an urban environment. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80(1), 48-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z01-202

Published
2017-01-30
How to Cite
Ramírez-Alán, Óscar, De la O-Castro, J., Bolaños-Picado, D., & Mc Queen-Blanco, J. (2017). Evaluation of Relative Abundance and Perception of the Presence of Rock Pigeons Columba Livia (Columbiformes: Columbidae) at the National University of Costa Rica. Uniciencia, 31(1), 29-38. https://doi.org/10.15359/ru.31-1.4
Section
Original scientific papers (evaluated by academic peers)