Ciencias Veterinarias <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ISSN:</strong> 0250-5649 / <strong>EISSN:</strong> 2215-4507 <br><strong>Ciencias Veterinarias</strong> is a periodical scientific publication in electronic format, aimed at professionals and students of Veterinary Medicine and other Health Sciences whose main purpose is the dissemination of scientific knowledge in the areas of Veterinary Medicine and Veterinary Public Health, generated in Costa Rica and other countries of the Ibero-American region. Currently the journal is indexed in: INDEX VETERINARIUS AND VETERINARY BULLETIN of CAB (England), <a title="redib" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">REDIB</a>, <a title="LATINDEX" href="">Latindex</a> and <a title="doaj" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOAJ</a>. Registered in: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SHERPA/ROMEO</a>, <a title="miar2020" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">MIAR</a><br><strong>Publishing entity of the journal:</strong> Universidad Nacional, School of Veterinary Medicine.<br><strong>Frequency:</strong>&nbsp;Biannual (January-June and July-December).<br><strong>Descriptors:</strong> Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Public Health.<br><strong>Contact e-mail:</strong></p> <p>You can find our articles in the&nbsp;<a title="portal" href="/index.php" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Universidad Nacional Journal Portal</a>.<br>We remind you to visit our link on the&nbsp;<a title="normas para autores" href="/index.php/veterinaria/about/submissions#authorGuidelines">Publication Guidelines</a> before sending us your article.</p> en-US <p>&nbsp;</p> <h3><strong>Licensing of articles</strong></h3> <p>All articles will be published under a license:</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Licencia Creative Commons"></a><br> <a href="" rel="license">Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDeri<span id="transmark" style="display: none; width: 0px; height: 0px;"></span>vadas 3.0 Costa Rica</a>.</p> <p>Access to this journal is free of charge, only the article and the journal must be cited in full.</p> <p>Intellectual property rights belong to the author. Once the article has been accepted for publication, the author assigns the reproduction rights to the Journal.</p> <p>Ciencias Veterinarias Journal authorizes the printing of articles and photocopies for personal use. Also, the use for educational purposes is encouraged. Especially: institutions may create links to specific articles found in the journal's server in order to make up course packages, seminars or as instructional material.</p> <p>The author may place a copy of the final version on his or her server, although it is recommended that a link be maintained to the journal's server where the original article is located.</p> <p>Intellectual property violations are the responsibility of the author. The company or institution that provides access to the contents, either because it acts only as a transmitter of information (for example, Internet access providers) or because it offers public server services, is not responsible.</p> (Carlos Jiménez S.) (Área UNAWEB) Sun, 09 Jul 2023 11:52:34 -0600 OJS 60 Bottom board trap as an alternative in the integrated control of the mite Varroa destructor in Africanized honey bee colonies <p>The effectiveness of the bottom board trap to control the mite <em>Varroa destructor</em><span id="transmark" style="display: none; width: 0px; height: 0px;"></span> in Africanized honey bee colonies was evaluated from June to September 2017 in Atenas, Alajuela. Naturally fallen mites were collected during a 30-day period with a bottom board trap, which consisted of a wooden bottom (50 x 42 cm) modified with a metal lattice and a screen of six holes per cm2. A white piece of cardboard previously gridded and coated with a thin layer of Vaseline to help count the number of fallen mites was placed inside the trap. The cardboard was replaced every seven days. After 30 days, the remaining mites were eliminated, and the effectiveness of the method was determined by applying four strips of flumethrin to each hive for six weeks. Furthermore, the mortality of the different Varroa stages in a sealed (operculated) worker brood was evaluated. Naturally fallen Varroa mites were 715 ± 531 (n= 5) during a 30-day period. Mite mortality occurred mainly during day 22 with 335 ± 285, whereas the lowest number was collected on day one with 30 ± 13 mites. After applying flumethrin, mite mortality was 2072 ± 1874. The above allows us to establish that the number of mites that fell naturally and those eliminated from the hive by means of the bottom trap corresponded to 25.7%. In addition, it was determined that Varroa mortality in capped worker brood cells was less than 10.0%. In conclusion, the bottom board trap eliminated more than a quarter of the mites in the beehives; consequently, this method may be considered as an alternative in the integrated Varroa management in Africanized honey bees.</p> Rafael A. Calderón-Fallas, Fernando Ramírez-Arias, Luis Sánchez-Chaves ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 01 Jul 2023 00:00:00 -0600