Description of chlorophyll <i>a</i> spatial distribution, temperature and salinity on the continental shelf and slope of the Central American Caribbean

  • Carlos Luis Brenes Rodríguez Universidad Nacional Laboratorio de Oceanografía y Manejo Costero
  • Rosario Benavides Morera Universidad Nacional Laboratorio de Oceanografía y Manejo Costero
  • Sandra Loza Álvarez Instituto de Oceanología Departamento de Microorganismos y Necton
Keywords: Caribbean, chlorophyll a, hydrography, Central America, continental shelf

Abstract

Under the regional coordination of OSPESCA (Central America Fisheries and Aquaculture Organization), an exploratory fishing survey campaign on the continental shelf and slope of the Central American Caribbean was conducted from January 3rd to February 3rd, 2011 on board the Miguel Oliver R/V. Temperature and salinity were determined in 76 hydrographic stations, and chlorophyll a concentration was estimated using a CTD fluorometer. Surface temperature ranged between 25°C and 27°C and salinity at that same level was between 32.5 (Panama) and 35.5 (Belize). The thermocline depth showed a descending tendency from south to north between 140 and 155 m. Chlorophyll a concentration ranged between 0.01 and 1.01 mg m-3. The distribution of chlorophyll a in the 0 to 150 m layer was the highest in Panama (25.25 mg m-2) and the lowest in Belize (6.05 mg m-2). Two chlorophyll a maximums (mixing layer and thermocline layer) characterize the southern area of the Central American Caribbean (Costa Rica and Panama), while only one maximum close to 90 m stands out in the vertical distribution of that variable between Nicaragua and Belize. Average chlorophyll a concentration for all stations was 0.3 mg m-3; therefore, in general oligotrophic conditions stand out in the continental shelf and slope.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ACP. Autoridad del Canal de Panamá. (2013). Anuario Hidrológico 2012. Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá: Departamento de ambiente, agua y energía. División de agua. Sección de recursos hídricos. Unidad de hidrología operativa.

Aguirre, R. & Salmerón, O. (2015). Characterization of the western Caribbean Sea waters through in vivo chlorophyll fluorescence. Rev. Mar. Cost., 7, 9-26.

Andrade, C. (2001). Las corrientes superficiales en la cuenca de Colombia observadas con boyas de deriva. Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc., 25(96), 322-335.

Andrade, C. & Barton, E. (2000). Eddy development and motion in the Caribbean Sea. J. Geophys. Res., 115(C11), 26191-26201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2000JC000300

Andrade, C. A., Barton, E. D. & Mooers, C. N. K. (2003). Evidence for an eastward flow along the Central and South American Caribbean Coast. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C6), 3185-3196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002JC001549

Bianchi, T. S., Lambert, C. & Biggs, D. C. (1995). Distribution of chlorophyll-a and phaeopigments in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico: A comparison between fluorimetric and high performance liquid chromatography measurements. Bull. Mar. Sci., 56, 25-32.

Brenes, C. L. & Castillo, E. (2000). Caracterización hidrográfica de la laguna de Perlas, Nicaragua. Bluefields, Nicaragua: DIPAL II.

Brenes, C. L., Gallegos, A. & Coen, E. (1998). Variación anual de la temperatura superficial en el golfo de Honduras. Rev. Biol. Trop., 46(4), 187-197.

Campos-González, M., Vargas-Castellanos, J. R., Franco-Herrera, A. & Medina-Calderón, J. H. (2011). Distribución de la clorofila a en las aguas adyacentes a las islas de Providencia y Santa Catalina, Caribe Colombiano. Bol. Invest. Mar. Cost., 40(2), 347-360.

Condal, A., Vega-Moro, A. & Ardisson, P. (2013). Climatological, annual, and seasonal variability in chlorophyll concentration in the Gulf of Mexico, western Caribbean, and Bahamas using NASA colour maps. Int. J. Rem. Sens., 34(5), 1591-1614. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2012.723835

Cullen, J. J. (1982). The deep chlorophyll maximum: comparing vertical profiles of chlorophyll a. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 39, 791-803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f82-108

Falkowski, P. G. & Raven, J. A. (1997). Aquatic Photosynthesis. Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell Science.

Gable, F. (1993). Marine Habitats: Selected Environmental and Ecological Charts. In G. A. Maul (Ed.), Climatic Change in the Intra-Americas Sea (pp. 217-261). London, England: United Nations Environment Program.

Gallegos, A. (1996). Descriptive physical oceanography of the Caribbean Sea. In G. A. Maul (Ed.), Small Islands: Marine Science and Sustainable Development, Coast. Estuar. Stud (pp. 36-55). Washington D. C., EE. UU.: American Geophysical Union.

Gallegos, A. & Czintron, S. (1997). Aspectos de la oceanografía física regional del Mar Caribe. En M. F. Lavin (Ed.), Contribuciones a la Oceanografía Física en México, Monografía 3 (pp. 225-242). México, D. F.: Unión Geofísica Mexicana.

Harold, E., Marshall, H. & Solder, J. (1982). Pelagic phytoplankton in the Caribbean Sea. Bull. Mar. Sci., 32(1), 354-365.

Herbland, A. & Voituriez, B. (1979). Hydrological structure analysis for estimating the primary production in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. J. Mar. Res., 37, 87-101.

Hernández-Guerra, A. & Joyce, T. M. (2000). Water masses and circulation in the surface layers of the Caribbean at 66°W. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(21), 3497-3500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999GL011230

Jeffrey, S. W., Mantoura, R. F. C. & Wright, S. W. (1997). Phytoplankton pigments in oceanography: guidelines to modern methods. Paris, France: UNESCO Publishing.

Johns, W. E., Townsend, T. L., Fratantoni, D. M. & Wilson, W. D. (2002). On the Atlantic inflow to the Caribbean Sea. Deep-Sea Res., I(49), 211-243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(01)00041-3

Jury, R. M. (2011). Environmental Influences on Caribbean Fish Catch. Int. Jour. Oceanogr., 2011, 1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/174729

Manzano-Sarabia, M. M. & Salinas-Zavala, C. A. (2008). Variabilidad estacional e interanual de la concentración de clorofila a y temperatura superficial del mar en la región occidental del Golfo de México: 1996-2007. Interciencia, 33(9), 628-634.

Martinet, J. & Saint, C. (1982). Primary production of Atlantic waters of Martinique coastal. Carib. J. Sci., 18, 103-105.

McManus, G. B. & Dawson, R. (1994). Phytoplankton pigments in the deep chlorophyll maximum of the Caribbean Sea and the western tropical Atlantic Ocean. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 113, 199-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps113199

Molinari, R. L., Spillane, M., Brooks, I., Atwood, D. & Duckett, C. (1981). Surface currents in the Caribbean Sea as deduced from Lagrangian observation. J. Geophys. Res., 86(C7), 6537-6542. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JC086iC07p06537

Mooers, C. N. K. & Maul, G. A. (1998). Intra-Americas sea circulation, coastal segment (3, W). In A. Robinson & K. H. Brink (Eds.), The Sea. Vol. 11 (pp. 183-208). New York, EE. UU.: John Wiley and Sons.

NOAA-NASA. (2016). GOES Project Science. Recuperado en septiembre 19, 2013 disponible en http://rsd.gsfc.nasa.gov/goes/

Olson, R. J., Chisholm, S. W., Zetrler, E. R., Altabet, M. & Dusenberry, J. (1990). Spatial and temporal distributions of prochlorophyte picoplankton in the North Atlantic Ocean. Deep-Sea Res., 37(6), 1033-1051. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0198-0149(90)90109-9

Prairie, J. C., Franks, P. J., Jaffe, J. S., Doubell, M. J. & Yamazaki, H. (2011). Physical and biological controls of vertical gradients in phytoplankton. Linmol. Oceanogr. Fluid & Environ., 1(1), 75-90. doi:10.1215/21573698-1267403. http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/21573698-1267403

Pratt, R. W. & Maul, G. A. (2000). Sea surface height variability of the Intra-Americas Sea from TOPEX/Poseidon satellite altimetry: 1992-1995. Bull. Mar. Sci., 67, 687-708.

Ramírez, B. & Pizarro, E. (2005). Distribución de clorofila a y feopigmentos en los canales australes chilenos comprendidos entre Puerto Montt y la Laguna de San Rafael, Chile. Cienc. Tecnol. Mar., 28(1), 45-62.

Sathyendranath, S. & Platt, T. (1989). Remote sensing of ocean chlorophyll: Consequence of non-uniform pigment profile. Appl. Optics., 28(3), 490-495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.28.000490

Shcherbina, A. Y., Gawarkiewics, G. G., Linder, C. A. & Thorrold, S. R. (2008). Mapping bathymetric and hydrographic features of Glover´s Reef, Belize, with a REMUS autonomous underwater vehicle. Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5, part 2), 2264-2272. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2008.53.5_part_2.2264

Signoret, M., Bulit, C. & Pérez, R. (1998). Patrones de distribución de clorofila a y producción primaria en aguas del Golfo de México y del Mar Caribe. Hidrobiológica, 8(2), 81-88.

Signoret, M., Aldeco, J. & Barreiro, M. T. (2006). Variabilidad de perfiles de clorofila a obtenidos por fluorescencia natural en el oeste y centro del Golfo de México en junio de 1999. Hidrobiológica, 16(003), 221-232.

Takahashi, M. & Hori, T. (1984). Abundance of picophytoplankton in the subsurface chlorophyll maximum layer in subtropical and tropical waters. Mar. Biol., 79, 177-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00951826

Tapia, M. & Naranjo, C. (2011). La clorofila a como un indicador biológico en las estaciones fijas durante el evento La Niña 1999-2000. Acta Oceanográfica del Pacífico, 16(1), 25-31.

Trejos, N. (2011). Recursos hídricos Panamá 2011. Ciudad de Panamá: Centro del Agua.

Varela, R. A., Cruzado, A., Tintoré, J. & García-Landona, E. (1992). Modeling the deep-chlorophyll maximum: A coupled physical-biological approach. J. Mar. Res., 50, 441-463. http://dx.doi.org/10.1357/002224092784797638

Veldhuis, M. & Kraay, G. W. (1990). Vertical distribution and pigment composition of a picoplanktonic prochlorophyte in the subtropical North Atlantic: a combined study of HPLC analysis of pigments and flow cytometry. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 68, 121-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps068121

Webber, D. & Roff, J. (1996). Influence of Kingston harbor on the phytoplankton community of the near shore Hellshire coast, southeast Jamaica. Bull. Mar. Sci., 59, 245-258.

Zubkov, M. A., Sleigh, M., Tarran, G. A., Burkill, P. H. & Leakey, R. (1998). Picoplanktonic community structure on an Atlantic transect from 50 °N to 50°S. Deep Sea Res., I(45), 1339-1355. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0637(98)00015-6

Published
2017-03-12
How to Cite
Brenes Rodríguez, C., Benavides Morera, R., & Loza Álvarez, S. (2017). Description of chlorophyll <i>a</i&gt; spatial distribution, temperature and salinity on the continental shelf and slope of the Central American Caribbean. Journal of Marine and Coastal Sciences, 9(1), 41-59. https://doi.org/10.15359/revmar.9-1.3

Comentarios (ver términos de uso)