Un acercamiento al cuento infantil desde la perspectiva de género. Estereotipos en el cuento infantil
What is the role of each woman in society ? What are a man`s demands in regards to a woman`s behavior? Have the feminine and masculine stereotypes clearly presented to us in stories changed? Are we still, as humans, favoring stereotypes? Is inversión still taking place in both, stories and real life? The Greek myth about Medusa introduces the topic of gender and literature, especially in children's literature. Different topics may be discussed from a gender perspective; in this case, the article focuses on stereotypes: those derived from the woman as an angel and the woman as the devil. Throughout history, the world of symbolism, of meaning and sense has been present in the minds of men, who have represented the world to their visible reflection. They are the prototype, model and size of that which exists. In children's stories, we can clearly see the stereotypes imposed by the patriarchal culture; however, we can also see how some of them are able to subvert a pre-established order. What is most important is that reading children stories and literature in general, enables us to move and be moved as readers; it leaves a trace, because it question us.
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