Language Teaching Techniques for Pronouncing the Past Tense Phonemes /t/, /d/, and /ɪd/ in Regular Verbs When Reading Aloud

  • Priscilla Carranza Marchena Universidad Nacional
  • Sergio Sánchez Vargas Instituto Educativo Moderno
  • Geraldine Zamora Sánchez Universidad Estatal a Distancia
Palabras clave: pronunciation, simple past tense phonemes, simple past tense, drilling, color-coding, techniques


This article presents the results of a research study based on two language teaching techniques, drilling and color-coding, and their effect on the correct pronunciation of the past tense phonemes /t/, /d/, and /ɪd/ in regular verbs in simple past tense when reading aloud; the population of this study was composed of twelve young adults. Qualitative and quantitative data from two instruments: an identification tally sheet and a questionnaire were gathered. The results obtained in the pre and post-test (identification tally sheet) and the performance of the participants from the experimental groups (B and C) showed that there was a positive impact on the accurate production of the past tense phonemes when reading aloud. Lastly, this research study provides evidence to claim the teaching of drilling and color-coding techniques are useful to pronounce the past tense phonemes /t/, /d/, and /ɪd/ in regular verbs correctly.


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Biografía del autor

Priscilla Carranza Marchena, Universidad Nacional

Magíster en Educación con Énfasis en Docencia Universitaria, Universidad Nacional (UNA).

Sergio Sánchez Vargas, Instituto Educativo Moderno

Licenciado en la Enseñanza del Inglés, Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR).

Geraldine Zamora Sánchez, Universidad Estatal a Distancia

Licenciada en la Enseñanza del Inglés, Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR).


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Cómo citar
Carranza Marchena, P., Sánchez Vargas, S., & Zamora Sánchez, G. (2020). Language Teaching Techniques for Pronouncing the Past Tense Phonemes /t/, /d/, and /ɪd/ in Regular Verbs When Reading Aloud. Revista Ensayos Pedagógicos, 15(2), 277-300.
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