Efectividad del programa ecológico “Saltando por su salud” en la promoción de la actividad física y la auto-eficacia en niños y niñas escolares de tercer grado

  • Carlos Álvarez Bogantes Universidad Nacional
Palabras clave: educación física, actividad física moderada, niños y niñas, recreo escolar, apoyo social, destrezas conductuales, manejo de barreras ambientales

Resumen

El propósito de este artículo fue el de evaluar el efecto del Programa Saltando por su salud sobre las variables de actividad física y auto-eficacia en niños y niñas de tercer grado usando un modelo ecológico escolar. Diseño del estudio: Un diseño cuasi-experimental utilizado a través de 4 meses. Sujetos: tomaron parte en el estudio 34 niños y 32 niñas con edades promedio de 9.2 años, con un 30% de muestra de participantes con sobrepeso u obesidad. Intervención: estructuración de la clase de educación física para fomentar  la actividad física moderada, la enseñanza de actividades físicas para la vida y destrezas conductuales, junto con el desarrollo de las condiciones ambientales y apoyo social en el recreo para la realización de actividad física. Finalmente, el desarrollo de políticas institucionales en el marco de convertir la escuela en una escuela en movimiento. Resultados: Los niños y niñas en el grupo de intervención  tuvieron un incremento significativo en la actividad física  (p<.001) medido por podómetros. Además, mostraron  un mejoramiento en el factor de superación de barreras para realizar actividad física (p<.001). Conclusiones: El programa Saltando por su salud mejoró el tiempo dedicado a la actividad física y a superar barreras para realizar actividad física Este estudio demostró que usando los recursos existentes institucionales escolares y mediante un acercamiento ecológico, se pueden propiciar entornos saludables en movimiento en el contexto educativo.

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Biografía del autor/a

Carlos Álvarez Bogantes, Universidad Nacional
Promotor de la Salud Fisica,  Doctor en Educación, UNED

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Publicado
2016-07-07
Cómo citar
Álvarez Bogantes, C. (2016). Efectividad del programa ecológico “Saltando por su salud” en la promoción de la actividad física y la auto-eficacia en niños y niñas escolares de tercer grado. Revista Ensayos Pedagógicos, 11(1), 147-169. Recuperado a partir de https://www.revistas.una.ac.cr/index.php/ensayospedagogicos/article/view/8473
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