Factors Related to University Students’ Motivation and Instruments for Its Evaluation: A Systematic Review

Keywords: motivation, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, systematic review, Undergraduate students

Abstract

Background. One of the most important factors in the incorporation to study a university degree in the educational performance and the professional future of university students is motivation. Purpose. This study aims to develop a systematic review of the literature that studies motivation in these students and determine the factors related to it and the instruments used to measure it. Method. For the research purpose, the method consisted in examining the terms motivation and university students (in Spanish and English) in the Web of Science and Scopus databases, selecting 66 articles reviewed between 2009 and 2019. These articles were selected according to two criteria: cross-sectional and quantitative studies with a pre-experimental or quasi-experimental design and sufficient statistical data to perform the analysis. Results. The scientific production in this field has an increasing trend. The studies have been conducted predominantly with students enrolled in different university degrees. The presence or absence of motivation corresponds to tendencies to procrastination. Conclusions. Therefore, it is necessary to highlight the importance of research and intervention in the university students’ motivation to improve their academic performance.

Author Biographies

Lionel Sánchez-Bolívar, Universidad de Granada

Diplomado en Trabajo Social por la Universidad de Granada y Máster en educación secundaria obligatoria y bachillerato, formación profesional y enseñanza de idiomas. Desde 2014 desarrolla la labor de orientador laboral, incluyendo la dirección de un programa de inserción sociolaboral para IMSERSO-Ceuta (2018-2019). Doctorando en el programa de Doctorado en Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad de Granada.

Asunción Martínez-Martínez, Universidad de Granada

Profesora Contratada Doctor Indefinida de la Universidad de Granada del Departamento de Métodos de Investigación y Diagnóstico en Educación. Doctora en Ciencias de la Educación por la Universidad de Granada 2013. Pertenece al grupo de investigación HUM- 983 Investigación en la transformación de los contextos y aprendizajes, de la Junta de Andalucía.

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Published
2022-04-19
How to Cite
Sánchez-Bolívar, L., & Martínez-Martínez, A. (2022). Factors Related to University Students’ Motivation and Instruments for Its Evaluation: A Systematic Review. Revista Electrónica Educare, 26(2), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.15359/ree.26-2.26
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Articles (Peer Reviewed Section)

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