Conservation of Biodiversity and Poverty in Costa Rica: Analysis by Planning Regions

  • Michael Steven Arroyo-Zeledón Escuela de Planificación y Promoción Social, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional
  • Guillermo Zúñiga-Arias Escuela de Planificación y Promoción Social, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional
Palabras clave: conservation, biodiversity, poverty, sustainability, protected areas, Costa Rica, planning regions

Resumen

One of the main strategies to preserve biodiversity has been the creation of protected areas, and some authors argue that such action will also have economic benefits for the human communities involved. Nevertheless, in several countries a spatial coincidence between these areas and poverty has been registered. This work evaluated whether there was more poverty in Costa Rican districts that have larger areas in inland national park or biological reserves. As an estimator of poverty in the districts, the Costa Rican index of social development (ISD) was used. For the whole country, districts with protected (DPA) areas had a lower ISD than those without them (DNPA). This result was also observed in the Central and Huetar Caribe planning regions; the opposite happened in the Huetar Norte region. The differences between planning regions offer opportunities for further research.

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Biografía del autor/a

Michael Steven Arroyo-Zeledón, Escuela de Planificación y Promoción Social, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional

Citas

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Publicado
2018-12-10
Cómo citar
Arroyo-Zeledón, M. S., & Zúñiga-Arias, G. (2018). Conservation of Biodiversity and Poverty in Costa Rica: Analysis by Planning Regions. Revista ABRA, 38(57), 33-49. https://doi.org/10.15359/abra.38-57.2