Link Between Body Composition, Sprint, and Vertical Jump in Young Elite Soccer Players from Chile

Keywords: soccer, body composition, sprint, vertical jump


The study aimed to know the relationships between indicators of body composition and physical performance in elite young players and determine if there are differences between playing positions and series. The sample was of selected U-15 (n=24) and U-17 (n=20) male players, divided by playing position. Body composition, fat mass percentage (%MG), and muscle mass percentage (%MM) indicators were evaluated. Also, Squat Jump (SJ), Countermovement Jump (CMJ), linear velocity in 10 (T10) and 30 meters (T30) were evaluated. Body composition and physical performance variables were related, and differences between playing positions and between categories were sought. Significant large associations were found in the U-15 category between %MM with SJ and CMJ and moderate associations between %MG with T10, SJ, and CMJ. In the U-17 category, a significant large association was found between %MM and T30 and between %MG and T30. Significant differences in %MG were found in the U-17 category between goalkeepers vs. defenders and forwards. Moderate significant differences were found in %MM between categories and very large differences in T10 and T30, and a moderate difference in SJ. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that the body composition %MM and %MG is related to physical performance. In addition, there are differences in %MG between goalkeepers vs. outfield players and differences in body composition and physical performance variables between U-17 and U-15 players. The results obtained can be used as a reference or as parameters for comparing young players at the national level in the detection of talent.

Author Biography

Esteban Aedo-Muñoz, Universidad de Santiago de Chile

Otras filiaciones: 

Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación (UMCE), Departamento de Educación Física, Deportes y Recreación, Santiago, Chile

Instituto Nacional de Deportes (IND), Unidad de Ciencias Aplicadas al Deporte, Laboratorio de Biomecánica Deportiva, Chile


Andersen, L. L., & Aagaard, P. (2006). Influence of maximal muscle strength and intrinsic muscle contractile properties on contractile rate of force development. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 96(1), 46–52.

Arnason, A., Sigurdsson, S. B., Gudmundsson, A., Holme, I., Engebretsen, L., & Bahr, R. (2004). Physical Fitness, Injuries, and Team Performance in Soccer. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36(2), 278–285.

Ato, M., López, J., & Benavente, A. (2013). Un sistema de clasificación de los diseños de investigación en psicología. Anales de Psicología, 29(3), 1038–1059.

Aurélio, J., Dias, E., Soares, T., Alo Jorge, G., André, M., Espada, M., Pessoa D., Pereira A., Figueiredo, T. (2016). Relationship between Body Composition, Anthropometry and Physical Fitness in Under-12 Soccer Players of Different Positions. International Journal of Sports Science, 6(1A), 25–30.

Baguet, A., Everaert, I., Hespel, P., Petrovic, M., Achten, E., & Derave, W. (2011). A new method for non-invasive estimation of human muscle fiber type composition. PLoS ONE, 6(7), 1–6.

Boileau, R. A., & Lohman, T. G. (1977). The measurement of human physique and its effect on physical performance. Orthopedic Clinics of North America, 8(3), 563–581.

Bosco, C., Luhtanen, P., & Komi, P. V. (1983). A simple method for measurement of mechanical power in jumping. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 50(2), 273–282.

Buchheit, M., Mendez-Villanueva, A., Simpson, B. M., & Bourdon, P. C. (2010). Match running performance and fitness in youth soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 31(11), 818–825.

Bush, M., Barnes, C., Archer, D. T., Hogg, B., & Bradley, P. S. (2015). Evolution of match performance parameters for various playing positions in the English Premier League. Human Movement Science, 39, 1–11.

Cappa, D. (2019). Fisiología y entrenamiento neuromuscular (1° ed.; C. Universitaria, ed.). Catamarca.

Castagna, C., D’Ottavio, S., & Abt, G. (2003). Activity Profile of Young Soccer Players During Actual Match Play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(4), 775–780. PMID: 14636107

Claudino, J. G., Cronin, J., Mezêncio, B., McMaster, D. T., McGuigan, M., Tricoli, V., Amadio C. A., Serrão, J. C. (2017). The countermovement jump to monitor neuromuscular status: A meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20(4), 397–402.

Dellal, A., Chamari, K., Wong, D. P., Ahmaidi, S., Keller, D., Barros, R., Bisciotti, G. N., Carling, C. (2011). Comparison of physical and technical performance in European soccer match-play: Fa Premier League and La Liga. European Journal of Sport Science, 11(1), 51–59.

Deprez, D., Fransen, J., Boone, J., Lenoir, M., Philippaerts, R., & Vaeyens, R. (2015). Characteristics of high-level youth soccer players: variation by playing position. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(3), 243–254.

Di Salvo, V., Benito, P. J., Calderón, F. J., Di Salvo, M., & Pigozzi, F. (2008). Activity profile of elite goalkeepers during football match-play. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 48(4), 443–446. PMID: 18997646.

Dolci, F., Hart, N. H., Kilding, A. E., Chivers, P., Piggott, B., & Spiteri, T. (2020). Physical and Energetic Demand of Soccer. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 42(3), 70–77.

Faude, O., Koch, T., & Meyer, T. (2012). Straight sprinting is the most frequent action in goal situations in professional football. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(7), 625–631.

Gissis, I., Papadopoulos, C., Kalapotharakos, V., Sotiropoulos, A., Komsis, G., & Manolopoulos, E. (2006). Strength and speed characteristics of elite, subelite, and recreational young soccer players. Research in Sports Medicine, 14(3), 205–214.

Haugen, T., & Buchheit, M. (2016). Sprint Running Performance Monitoring: Methodological and Practical Considerations. Sports Medicine, 46(5), 641–656.

Hoff, J., & Helgerud, J. (2004). Endurance and strength training for soccer players: Physiological considerations. Sports Medicine, 34, 165–180.

Hopkins, W. G. (2000). Measures of reliability in sports medicine and science. Sports Medicine, 30(1), 1–15.

Hopkins, W. (2002). New view of statistics: Effect magnitudes. Sportscience.

Hopkins, W. G., Marshall, S. W., Batterham, A. M., & Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(1), 3–12).

Housh, T. J., Thorland, W. G., Johnson, G. O., Tharp, G. D., & Cisar, C. J. (1984). Anthropometric and body build variables as discriminators of event participation in elite adolescent male track and field athletes. Journal of Strategic Marketing, 2(1), 3–11.

Impellizzeri, F. M., Rampinini, E., & Marcora, S. M. (2005). Physiological assessment of aerobic training in soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(6), 583–592.

Jorquera Aguilera, C., Rodríguez Rodríguez, F., Torrealba Vieira, M. I., & Barraza Gómez, F. (2012). Composición Corporal y Somatotipo de Futbolistas Chilenos Juveniles Sub 16 y Sub 17. International Journal of Morphology, 30(1), 247–252.

Kerr, D. (1988). An Anthropometric Method for Fractionation of Skin, Adipose, Bone, Muscle and Residual Tissue Masses, in Males Ani, Females Age 6 To 77 Years (University Technology Wetern).

Kobal, R., Nakamura, F. Y., Kitamura, K., Cal Abad, C. C., Pereira, L. A., & Loturco, I. (2017). Performance en détente verticale chez des athlètes élites provenant de différentes spécialités sportives. Science and Sports, 32(5), e191–e196.

Köklü, Y., Alemdaroğlu, U., Özkan, A., Koz, M., & Ersöz, G. (2015). The relationship between sprint ability, agility and vertical jump performance in young soccer players. Science and Sports, 30(1), e1–e5.

Lago-Peñas, C., Casais, L., Dellal, A., Rey, E., & Domínguez, E. (2011). Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of young soccer players according to their playing positions: Relevance for competition success. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(12), 3358–3367.

Leite Portella, D., De Arruda, M., y Cossio-Bolaños, M. (2011). Valoración del rendimiento físico de jóvenes futbolistas en función de la edad cronológica. Apunts Educación Física y Deportes, 105, 42–49.

Little, T., & Williams, A. G. (2005). Specificity of acceleration, maximum speed, and agility in professional soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 76–78.

Malina, R. M., Eisenmann, J. C., Cumming, S. P., Ribeiro, B., & Aroso, J. (2004). Maturity-associated variation in the growth and functional capacities of youth football (soccer) players 13-15 years. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 91(5–6), 555–562.

Markovic, G., Dizdar, D., Jukic, I., & Cardinale, M. (2004). Reliability and Factorial Validity of Squat and Countermovement Jump Tests. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(3), 551–555.

McLellan, C. P., Lovell, D. I., & Gass, G. C. (2011). The role of rate of force development on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(2), 379–385.

Merino-Muñoz, P., Pérez-Contreras, J., & Aedo-Muñoz, E. (2020). The percentage change and differences in sport: a practical easy tool to calculate. Sport Performance & Science Reports, 118, 446–450.

Methenitis, S., Karandreas, N., Spengos, K., Zaras, N., Stasinaki, A. N., & Terzis, G. (2016). Muscle Fiber Conduction Velocity, Muscle Fiber Composition, and Power Performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(9), 1761–1771.

Mirwald, R. L., Baxter-Jones, A. D. G., Bailey, D. A., & Beunen, G. P. (2002). An assessment of maturity from anthropometric measurements. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34(4), 689–694.

Nikolaïdis, P. T. (2012). Physical fitness is inversely related with body mass index and body fat percentage in soccer players aged 16-18 years. Medicinski Pregled, 65(11–12), 470–475.

Oliver, J., Armstrong, N., & Williams, C. (2008). Changes in jump performance and muscle activity following soccer-specific exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26(2), 141–148.

Pareja-Blanco, F., Suarez-Arrones, L., Rodríguez-Rosell, D., López-Segovia, M., Jiménez-Reyes, P., Bachero-Mena, B., & González-Badillo, J. J. (2016). Evolution of determinant factors of repeated sprint ability. Journal of Human Kinetics, 54(1), 115–126.

Pérez-Gomez, J., Rodríguez, G. V., Ara, I., Olmedillas, H., Chavarren, J., González-Henriquez, J. J., Dorado, C., & Calbet, J. A. L. (2008). Role of muscle mass on sprint performance: Gender differences? European Journal of Applied Physiology, 102(6), 685–694.

Rampinini, E., Bishop, D., Marcora, S. M., Ferrari Bravo, D., Sassi, R., & Impellizzeri, F. M. (2007). Validity of simple field tests as indicators of match-related physical performance in top-level professional soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 28(3), 228–235.

Reilly, T., Bangsbo, J., & Franks, A. (2000). Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18(9), 669–683.

Rodríguez-Rosell, D., Pareja-Blanco, F., Aagaard, P., & González-Badillo, J. J. (2018). Physiological and methodological aspects of rate of force development assessment in human skeletal muscle. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, 38(5), 743–762.

Rodríguez Rodríguez, F. J., Almagià Flores, A. A., & Berral de la Rosa, F. J. (2010). Estimación de la Masa Muscular de los Miembros Apendiculares, a Partir de Densitometría Fotónica Dual (DEXA). International Journal of Morphology, 28(4), 1205–1210.

Saavedra Llanos, S., & Vergara Fuentes, R. (2013). Validación y comparación de tres alfombras de saltabilidad [Universidad Santo Tomás - Chile].

Sinovas, M. C., Pérez-López, A., Valverde, I. Á., Cerezal, A. B., Ramos-Campo, D. J., Rubio-Arias, J. A., & Cerrato, D. V. (2015). Influencia de la composición corporal sobre el rendimiento en salto vertical dependiendo de la categoría de la formación y la demarcación en futbolistas. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 32(1), 299-307.

Slimani, M., & Nikolaidis, P. T. (2019). Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of male soccer players according to their competitive level, playing position and age group: A systematic review. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 59(1), 141–163.

Slimani, M., Znazen, H., Hammami, A., & Bragazzi, N. L. (2018). Comparison of body fat percentage of male soccer players of different competitive levels, playing positions and age groups: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 58(6), 857–866.

Soarez, H., Fragoso, I., Massuça, L., & Barrigas, C. (2012). Impacto de la maduración y de los puestos específicos en la condición física en jóvenes futbolistas. Apunts Medicina de l’Esport, 47(174), 73–81.

Sutton, L., Scott, M., Wallace, J., & Reilly, T. (2009). Body composition of English Premier League soccer players: Influence of playing position, international status, and ethnicity. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(10), 1019–1026.

Taşkin, H. (2008). Evaluating sprinting ability, density of acceleration, and speed dribbling ability of professional soccer players with respect to their positions. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(5), 1481–1486.

Thomas, K., French, D., & Hayes, P. R. (2009). The effect of two plyometric training techniques on muscular power and agility in youth soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(1), 332–335.

Turner, A. N., & Stewart, P. F. (2014). Strength and conditioning for soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 36(4), 1–13.

Unnithan, V., White, J., Georgiou, A., Iga, J., & Drust, B. (2012). Talent identification in youth soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(15), 1719–1726.

Wisløff, U., Helgerud, J., & Hoff, J. (1998). Strength and endurance of elite soccer players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30(3), 462–467.

Wong, P.-L., Chamari, K., Dellal, A., & Wisløff, U. (2009). Relationship Between Anthropometric and Physiological Characteristics in Youth Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(4), 1204–1210.

World Medical Association declaration of Helsinki: Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. (2013). In JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 310(20), 2191–2194).

Zanini, D., Kuipers, A., Somensi, I. V., Pasqualotto, J. F., Quevedo, J. de G., Teo, J. C., & Antes, D. L. (2020). Relationship between body composition and physical capacities in junior soccer players. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano, 22.

Zapata-Gómez, D., Cerda-Kohler, H., Burgos, C., Martin, E. B. S., & Ramírez-Campillo, R. (2020). Validation of a novel equation to predict lower-limb muscle mass in young soccer players: A brief communication. International Journal of Morphology, 38(3), 665–669.

Zaras, N. D., Stasinaki, A. N. E., Methenitis, S. K., Krase, A. A., Karampatsos, G. P., Georgiadis, G. V., Spengos, K.M., & Terzis, G. D. (2016). Rate of Force Development, Muscle Architecture, and Performance in Young Competitive Track and Field Throwers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(1), 81–92.

How to Cite
Pérez-Contreras, J., Merino-Muñoz, P., & Aedo-Muñoz, E. (2021). Link Between Body Composition, Sprint, and Vertical Jump in Young Elite Soccer Players from Chile. MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 18(2), 1-14.

Comentarios (ver términos de uso)

Most read articles by the same author(s)