A Comparison of Anthropometric Parameters and the Body Composition of Professional Soccer Players





Body Composition, anthropometry, soccer, Chile


The present cross-sectional (comparative) study aimed to compare the anthropometric and body composition parameters in professional soccer players over five seasons. It was conducted on 120 soccer players grouped in a cohort of 24 subjects per year. The age range was 18 to 37 years. The footballers were evaluated at the beginning of each season from 2012 to 2016; weight, height, six skin folds (triceps, subscapularis, supra-iliac, abdominal, thigh, and calf) were evaluated from 2012 to 2015. The Body Mass Index (BMI), fat percentage, fat mass, and FFM were calculated. The adipose tissue was grouped into three groups: arm (triceps + subscapular), trunk (supra iliac + abdominal), and legs (thigh + calf). Body weight, height, the sum of the 6 folds, and the MLG varied during the 5 years. For 2012 the results were the following: Weight, 76.6 ± 7.8kg; Height, 177.6 ± 5.7cm; Folds, 58.7 ± 12.8mm; MLG, 64.5 ± 6.3mm). In 2013, these were the results: Weight, 77.8 ± 6.4kg; Height, 178, 4 ± 4.4; Folds, 60.1 ± 15.9mm; MLG, 66.3 ± 3.5mm). These were the measures obtained in 2014: Weight, 74.9 ± 5.7kg; Height, 177.0 ± 5.8cm; Folds, 54.4 ± 14.7mm; MLG, 64.5 ± 4.5kg ). And these were of the year 2015: Weight, 74.1 ± 6.8kg; Height, 176.1 ± 5.5cm; Folds, 54.9 ± 15.6mm; MLG, 63.8 ± 4.6kg). Finally, in 2016 these were the measures collected: Weight, 72.7 ± kg; Height, 175.3 ± 6.9 kg; Folds, 50.8 ± 12.mm; MLG, 62.8 ± 5.9kg. This study verified that the soccer players' anthropometric profile and adipose tissue decreased each season, while the MLG reflected similar values in each of the evaluated cohorts.


Anzell, A., Potteiger, J., Kraemer, W. y Otieno, S. (2013). Changes in height, body weight, and body composition in American football players from 1942 to 2011. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(2),277-284. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e31827f4c08

Boileau, R., Lohman, T. y Slaughter, M. (1985). Exercise and body composition of children and youth. Scandinavian Journal of Sports Sciences, 7(1), 17-27. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022263239&partnerID=8YFLogxK

Canda, A. (2011). Body composition and somatotype as prognostic indicators of athletic performance. Colección ICD: Investigación En Ciencias Del Deporte., 56(2), 29-50.

Carling, C. y Orhant E. (2010). Variation in body composition in professional soccer players: interseasonal and intraseasonal changes and the effects of exposure time and player position. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(5), 1332-1339. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181cc6154

Casajús, J., Matute-Llorente, Á., Herrero, H., Vicente-Rodríguez, G. y González-Agüero, A. (2016). Body fat in elite Spanish football referees and assistants: A 1-year follow-up study. Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport, 51(189),21-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apunts.2015.06.002

Cossio-Bolaños, M. y Maria, T. (2014). Composición corporal de futbolistas profesionales titulares y reservas. Revista Peruana de ciencia de la actividad fisica y del deporte, 1(1),7-7. https://rpcafd.com/index.php/rpcafd/article/view/22

Cossio-Bolaños, M., Portella, D., Hespanhol, J., Fraser, N. y De Arruda, M. (2012). Body Size and Composition of the Elite Peruvian Soccer Player. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 15(3). https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A361184725/HRCA?u=anon~63a54d25&sid=googleScholar&xid=f506f6c9

Gomez-Campos, R., Santi-Maria T., Arruda, M., Maldonado, T., Albernaz, A., Schiavo, M. y Cossio-Bolaños, M. (2019). Fat-free mass and bone mineral density of young soccer players: proposal of equations based on anthropometric variables. Frontiers in psychology, 10:522. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00522

Grigoryan, S. (2011). Concept of optimal body composition of professional football players. Georgian medical news, (198), 23-28. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22156672/

International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry, (ISAK). (2001). International Standards for Anthropometic Assessment. Nueva Zelanda.

Nikolaidis, P. y Karydis, N. (2011). Physique and body composition in soccer players across adolescence. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 2(2), 75-82. https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.34782

Ostojic, S. (2002). Changes in body fat content of top-level soccer players. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 1(2), 54-55.

Pons, V., Riera, J., Galilea, P., Drobnic, F., Banquells, M. y Ruiz O. (2015). Características antropométricas, composición corporal y somatotipo por deportes. Datos de referencia del CAR de San Cugat, 1989-2013. Apunts. Medicina de l'Esport., 50(186),65-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apunts.2015.01.002

Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, C. y Echegoyen-Monroy, S. (2005). Características antropométricas y fisiológicas de jugadores de fútbol de la selección mexicana. Archivos de Medicina Del Deporte, 22(105), 33–37.

Sedeaud, A., Marc, A., Schipman, J., Schaal, K., Danial, M., Guillaume, M., Berthelot, G. y Toussaint, J. (2014). Secular trend: morphology and performance. Journal of sports sciences, 32(12), 1146-1154. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.889841

Sedeaud, A., Marc, A., Schipman, J., Tafflet, M., Hager, J. y Toussaint, J. (2012). How they won Rugby World Cup through height, mass and collective experience. Br J Sports Med, 46(8), 580-584. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2011-090506

Stølen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C. y Wisløff, U. (2005). Physiology of soccer. Sports medicine, 35(6), 501-536. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535060-00004

Urra-Albornoz, C., Pezoa, P., Alvear, F., Cruz, I., Gomez-Campos, R., Valenzuela, P., Pacheco, J. y Cossio-Bolaños M. (2019). Concordancia de ecuaciones que predicen el porcentaje de grasa en jóvenes futbolistas. Nutrición clínica y dietética hospitalaria, 39(1),76-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.12873/391cossio

Wittich, A., Oliveri, M., Rotemberg, E. y Mautalen, C. (2001). Body composition of professional football (soccer) players determined by dual X-ray absorptiometry. Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 4(1),51-55. https://doi.org/10.1385/jcd:4:1:51



How to Cite

A Comparison of Anthropometric Parameters and the Body Composition of Professional Soccer Players. (2022). MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 19(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.19-2.1

How to Cite

A Comparison of Anthropometric Parameters and the Body Composition of Professional Soccer Players. (2022). MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 19(2), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.19-2.1

Comentarios (ver términos de uso)

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >>