Does International Humanitarian Law Play Any Role in Demilitarized Countries? A Policy Analysis of Costa Rica and Panama

  • Juan C. Méndez Barquero Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica
Palabras clave: International humanitarian law, demilitarization, armed forces, Costa Rica, Panama

Resumen

This  article  reviews  the  role  of  International  Humanitarian  Law  (IHL)  in  demilitarized  countries  with  a  case  study of Costa Rica and Panama, two  small Central American countries that  have  constitutionally  abolished  their  armies. The paper addresses the question of whether a country that has not  a regular army can in fact be respectful and supportive of the international rules governing armed conflicts. Through  a  detailed  review  of  national  bodies and legislation in both countries,  the findings allow the author to conclude that the lack of regular armies or military forces is not a convincing argument to  disobey and ignore the norms of IHL.

Biografía del autor/a

Juan C. Méndez Barquero, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica

Investigador de la Escuela de Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad Nacional

Publicado
2012-07-01
Cómo citar
Méndez Barquero, J. (2012). Does International Humanitarian Law Play Any Role in Demilitarized Countries? A Policy Analysis of Costa Rica and Panama. Relaciones Internacionales, 84(2). Recuperado a partir de https://www.revistas.una.ac.cr/index.php/ri/article/view/5167

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