Recommendations for the assssmenet of physical activity in the in infantile population
The purpose of this article was to review movement patterns of children and how they may impact the assessment of physical activity. To accurately assess these patterns, sensitive instruments are required to detect, code, or record children’s sporadic and intermittent physical activity, also taking into consideration scientific regulations. Some of the most widely used instruments are: self-reports, direct observation, and heart monitoring. Self-reports require abstract thinking and good memory, abilities that have not yet been developed in the early years. On the other hand, direct observation and heart monitoring are more time consuming and require advanced technology, respectively. The most accepted recommendation is combining instruments to ensure greater quantity of information and more validity in the research.
Bar-Or, O. (1994). Pediatric Sport Medicine for the Practitioner. New York: Springer.
Basset, D. (2000). Validity and reliability issues in objective monitoring of physical activity. RQES, 71, 30-36. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2000.11082783
Bouten, C., Koekkoek, K., Verduin, M., Kodde, R., & Janssen, J. (1997). A triaxial accelerometer and portable data processing unit for the assessment of daily physical activity. Transaction on Biomedical Engineering. 44, 136-147.https://doi.org/10.1109/10.554760
Caspersen, C., Powell, K., & Christensen, G. (1985). Physical activity, exercise and physical fitness. Public Health Reports, 100, 126-131.
Corbin, C., Pancrazi, R., & Welk, G. (1994). Toward an understanding of appropriate physical levels for youth. Physical Activity and Fitness Research Digest, 1.
Corbin, C., & Pancrazi, R. (1996). How much physical activity is enough? JOPERD, 67, 33-39.
Craig, S., Coldberg, J., & Dietz, W. (1996). Psychosocial correlates of physical activity among fifth and eighth graders. Preventive Medicine, 25, 506-513.
Crocker, P., Bailey, D., Faulker, R., Kiwalski, K., & McGrath, R. (1997). Measuring general levels of physical activity: preliminary evidence for the physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29, 1344-1349. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199710000-00011
Dale, D. (1999). Using the CSA activity monitors to determine if children compensate for restricted periods of physical activity. RQES. 68, 11-23.
DuRant, R., Baranowski, T. Davis, H., Rhodes, T., Thompson, W. Greaves, K., & Puhl, K (1993). Reliability and variability of indicators of heart rate monitoring in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 25, 389-395. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199303000-00015
Eston, R., Rowland, A., & Ingledew, D. (1998). Validity of heart rate, pedometry and accelerometry for predicting the energy cost of children’s activities. Journal of Applied Physiology, 84, 362-371.
Freedson, P., Melanson, E., & Sirard, J. (1998). Calibration of the computer science and applications. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30, 777-781. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199805000-00021
Freedson, P., & Miller, K. (2000). Objective monitoring of physical activity using motion sensors. RQES, 71, 21-29. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2000.11082782
Going, S., Levin, S., Harrell, J., Stewart, D., Kushi, L., Cornell, C., Hunsberger, S., Corbin, C., & Sallis, J. (1999). Physical activity assessment in American Indian schoolchildren in the Pathway Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69, 788S-795S.
Gortmaker, S., Cheung, L., Peterson, K., Chomitz, G., Golditz, G., Field, A., & Laird, N. (1999). Impact of a school-based interdisciplinary intervention on diet and physical activity among urban primary school children. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 153, 975-983. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.153.9.975
Janz, K. (1994). Validation of the CSA accelerometer for assessing children’s physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 26, 369-375. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199403000-00015
Kowalski, K., Crocker, R., & Faulkner, R. (1997). Validation of the physical activity questionnaire for older children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 9, 174-186. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.9.2.174
Mahoney, L., Lauer, R., Lee, J., & Calrke, W. (1991). Factors affecting tracking of coronary heart disease risk factors in children. The muscative study. Journal of School Health. 61, 224-227.
Melanson, E., & Freedson, P. (1996). Physical activity assessment: a review of methods. Critical Review in Food Science and Nutrition, 36, 385-396. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408399609527732
Montoye, H., Kemper, H., Saris, W., & Washburn, R. (1996). Measuring Physical Activity and Energy Expenditure. Champaign: Human Kinetics.
Pancrazi, R., Corbin, C., & Welk, G. (2000). Physical activity for children and youth. JOPERD. 67, 38-43.
Pate, R. (1993). Physical activity assessment in children and adolescents. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 33, 321-326. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408399309527627
Pate, R., Baronowski, R, Dowda, M., & Trost, S. (1996). Tracking of physical activity in young children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 28, 92-96. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199601000-00019
Pate, R., Long, S., Dowda, M. Ott, A., Ward, D., & Saunders, R. (1999). Tracking of physical activity, physical inactivity, and health-related physical fitness in rural youth. Pediatric Exercise Science, 11, 364-373. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.11.4.364
Patterson, P. (2000). Reliability, validity, and methodological response to the assessment of physical activity via self-report. RQES, 71, 15-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2000.11082781
Rippe, J., & Hess, S. (1998). The role of physical activity in the prevention and management of obesity. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 98, S31. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(98)00708-1
Rowland, T., & Eston, R. (1997). Measurement of physical activity in children with particular reference to the use of heart rate and pedometry. Sports Medicine, 24, 258-272. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199724040-00004
Rowland, T. (1998). The biological basis of physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30, 392-399. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199803000-00009
Sallis, J. (1991). Self-report measures of children’s physical activity. Journal of School Health, 61, 215-219. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.1991.tb06017.x
Sallis, J., Buono, M., Roby, J. Micale, F., & Nelson, J. (1993). Seven-day recall and other physical activity self-reports in children and adolescents. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 25, 99-108. https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199301000-00014
Sallis, J., & Saelens, B. (2000). Assessment of physical activity by self-report: Status, limitations and future directions. RQSE, 71, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2000.11082780
Trost, S., Pate, R., Dowda, M., Saunders, R., Ward, D. & Felton, G. (1996). Gender differences in physical activity and determinants of physical activity in rural fifth grade children. Journal of School Health. 66, 145-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.1996.tb08235.x
Trost, S., Ward, D., & Burke, J. (1998). Validity of the computer science and application activity monitor in children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30, 629-933. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199804000-00023
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (1996). Physical activity and health: reports of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Welk, G., & Corbin, C. (1995). The validity of the Tritrac- R3D activity monitor for the assessment of physical activity in children. RQES, 66, 202-209. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.1995.10608834
Welk, G. (2000). Measurement issues in the assessment of physical activity in children. RQES, 71, 59-73. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2000.11082788
Welk, G., & Wood, K. (2000). Physical activity assessments in physical education. JOPERD, 71, 30-40.
Weston, A., Petosa, R., & Pate, R. (1997). Validation of an instrument for measurement for physical activity in youth. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, 29, 138-143. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199701000-00020
Whitaker, R., Wright, J., Pepe, M., Seidel, K., & Dietz, W. (1997). Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. The New England Journal of Medicine, 337, 869-873. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199709253371301
MHSalud: Journal in Human Movement Sciences and Health by the Universidad Nacional is cover under a Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Costa Rica license.
The journal is hosted in open access repositories such as the Institutional Repository of the Universidad Nacional, the Kimuk Repository of Costa Rica and La Referencia.
The editorial source of the journal must be recognized. Use the doi identifier for this purpose.
Self-archiving policy: The journal allows the self-archiving of the articles in their peer-reviewed version, edited and approved by the Editorial Board of the Journal to be available in Open Access through the Internet. More information in the following link: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/25815