Motor performance and physical activity habits of college students in Costa Rica

  • Judith Jiménez-Díaz Universidad de Costa Rica, Escuela de Educación Física y Deportes, Costa Rica
  • Maria Morera-Castro Universidad Nacional, Escuela de Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Calidad de Vida, Costa Rica https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2218-179X
Keywords: Physical activity, fundamental motor skills, young adults, sedentary behavior

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the motor performance of fundamental motor skills and physical activity habits of students at the University of Costa Rica. A total of 92 males and 48 females (M age = 19.78 yr., SD = 4.72 yr.) enrolled in different Sports Activity courses taught at the Rodrigo Facio campus was assessed. The Instrument for the Evaluation of Fundamental Movement Patterns was used to assess motor performance in eight fundamental movement patterns (running, jumping, galloping, catching, throwing, bouncing, and kicking). The physical activity level was obtained from a self-reported questionnaire developed for such purpose. Results show that 28% of the participants were physically active. Participants presented a proficient performance in kicking, running, and galloping, but a non-proficient performance in jumping, hopping, bouncing, throwing and catching. Physical activity behavior was related to the overall performance of the motor skills assessed (Rho = .233; p = .006). In conclusion, college students presented a proficient performance on three of the eight skills assessed. In addition, a relationship was found between physical activity levels and performance. Physical Education teachers are recommended to develop activities to enhance motor performance of fundamental motor skills in college students.

Author Biographies

Judith Jiménez-Díaz, Universidad de Costa Rica, Escuela de Educación Física y Deportes

Máster en  Ciencias del Movimiento Humano por la Universidad de Costa Rica y se desempeña como académica en la Escuela de Educación Física y Deportes, Universidad de Costa Rica. 

 

Maria Morera-Castro, Universidad Nacional, Escuela de Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Calidad de Vida

Ph.D en Kinesiología con énfasis en comportamiento motor de la Universidad de Auburn, USA. Académica de la Escuela de Ciencias del Movimiento Humano y Calidad de Vida, Universidad Nacional.

References

American College of Sports Medicine [ACSM]. (2011). Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory, Musculoskeletal, and Neuromotor Fitness in Apparently Healthy Adults: Guidance for Prescribing. Exercise Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 43(7):1334-1359. http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e318213fefb

Clark, J.E. (2007). On the problem of motor skill development. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 78(5), 39-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2007.10598023

Cohen, K. E., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Callister, R. & Lubans, D. R. (2014). Fundamental movement skills and physical activity among children living in low-income communities: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11(1), 49-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-11-49

Düger, T., Bumin, G., Uyanik, M., Aki, E. & Kayihan, H. (1999). The assesment of Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency in children. Pediatric Rehabilitation, 3 (3), 125-131.

Gabbard, C. P. (2012). Lifelong Motor Development (6th ed.). San Francisco: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company.

Gallahue, D. L. & Ozmun, J. C. (2005). Understanding Motor Development: Infants, Children, Adolescents, Adults (6th ed.): McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Hardy, L. L., Reinten-Reynolds, T., Espinel, P., Zask, A. & Okely, A. D. (2012). Prevalence and correlates of low fundamental movement skill competency in children. Pediatrics, 130(2), e390-e398. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-0345

Jiménez, J., Salazar, W. y Morera, M. (2013). Diseño y validación de un instrumento para la evaluación de patrones básicos de movimiento. Motricidad. European Journal of Human Movement, 31(0), 87-97.

Logan, S. W., Robinson, L. E., Wilson, A. E. & Lucas, W. A. (2012). Getting the fundamentals of movement: A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38(3), 305-315. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01307.

Ministerio de Salud. (2010). Estimación de muertes atribuibles a principales factores de riesgo en Costa Rica, 2005. Recuperado de: https://www.ministeriodesalud.go.cr/

Morgan, P. J., Barnett, L. M., Cliff, D. P., Okely, A. D., Scott, H. A., Cohen, K. E. & Lubans, D. R. (2013). Fundamental Movement Skill Interventions in Youth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 132(5), e1361-e1383. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-1167

Oficina de Bienestar y Salud, Universidad de Costa Rica [OBS]. (2011). Análisis de situación integral de salud de los estudiantes de primer ingreso 2011 de la Oficina de Bienestar y Salud. Comunicación personal con el Dr. Saúl Aguilar Morales (6 de junio, 2012).

Organización Mundial de la Salud [OMS]. (2010). La Organización Mundial de la Salud y el Comité Olímpico Internacional firman un acuerdo para fomentar los modos de vida sanos. Recuperado de: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2010/ioc_20100721/es/

Spessato, B., Gabbard, C., Robinson, L. & Valentini, N. (2012). Body mass index, perceived and actual physical competence: The relationship among young children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 39(6), 845-850. http://dx.doi.org 10.1111/cch.12014

Spessato, B., Gabbard, C. & Valentini, N. C. (2013). The role of motor competence and body mass index in children’s activity levels in physical education classes. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 32(2), 118-130.

Stodden, D. F. & Goodway, J. D. (2007). The dynamic association between motor skill development and physical activity. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 78(8), 33-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2007.10598077

Stodden, D. F., Goodway, J. D., Langendorfer, S. J., Roberton, M. A., Rudisill, M. E., Garcia, C. & Garcia, L. E. (2008). A developmental perspective on the role of motor skill competence in physical activity: An emergent relationship. Quest, 60(2), 290-306. doi: http://dx.doi.org 10.1080/00336297.2008.1 0483582

Stodden, D. F., True, L. K., Langendorfer, S. J. & Gao, Z. (2013). Associations among selected motor skills and health-related fitness: indirect evidence for Seefeldt’s proficiency barrier in young adults? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(3), 397-403. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2013.814910

Trejos, C. y Solís, M. (2011) Estilos de vida en Costa Rica: estudiantes universitarios de primer ingreso.

Wrotniak, B. H., Epstein, L. H., Dorn, J. M., Jones, K. E. & Kondilis, V. A. (2006). The relationship between motor proficiency and physical activity in children. Pediatrics, 118(6), e1758-e1765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-0742

Published
2016-01-31
How to Cite
Jiménez-Díaz, J., & Morera-Castro, M. (2016). Motor performance and physical activity habits of college students in Costa Rica. MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.12-2.2

Comentarios (ver términos de uso)