Offensive Difference Styles and Technical Situational Variables Between European and South American Elite Football Leagues
We aimed to compare teams’ attack styles in Europe and South America elite football in the two most valued domestic leagues in both continents (Spanish La Liga & English Premier League in Europe, and Argentinian Superliga & Brazilian Série A in South America). For this purpose, we used a sample of 84 teams and 3,780 cases in 1,214 games. Using an observational tool, we analyzed performance indicators (goals, shots, dribbles, and passes) and attack situations. Effect size (ES) and non-clinical magnitude-based inference (MBI) were used to evaluate uncertainty. Results revealed that European teams scored more goals per game related to fast (ES = 0.35; likely MBI) and positional attack (ES = 0.36; likely MBI). In addition, teams from the European leagues spent more time playing in the opposition third zone of the pitch, performed a higher number of assists (ES = 0.38; likely MBI) and through-ball assists (ES = 0.46; likely MBI) than South American ones. Finally, South American teams made higher numbers of shots out of the box (ES = 1.52, almost certain MBI) and off-target shots (ES = 1.08; almost certain MBI), and they also spent more time playing in the middle third zone (ES = 1.65; almost certain MBI). No differences were identified in set-pieces goals, length passing, and aerial duels. These findings may provide information regarding attack style proﬁles from each continent league. Also, it could be highly beneficial for coaches to be able to continuously design the specific training situations of the offensive process.
Arruda Moura, F., Barreto Martins, L., De Oliveira Anido, R., Leite De Barros, R., & Cunha, S. (2012). Quantitative analysis of Brazilian football players' organisation on the pitch. Sports Biomechanic, 11(1), 85-96. https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2011.637123
Brito, D., López Del Campo, R., Blanco-Pita, H., Resta, R., & Del Coso, J. (2019). An extensive comparative analysis of successful and unsuccessful football teams in LaLiga. Frontiers of Psychology, 10, 2566. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02566
Castellano, J., & Casamichana, D. (2015). What are the differences between first and second divisions of Spanish football teams?. International Journal of Performance and Analysis in Sport, 15(1), 135-146. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2015.11868782
Castellano, J., & Pic, M. (2019). Identification and Preference of Game Styles in LaLiga Associated with Match Outcomes. International Journal of Environment Research and Public Health, 16(24), 5090. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16245090
Cohen, J. (1960). A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 20(1), 37-46. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F001316446002000104
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behaviors science (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Laurence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers, Hillsdale. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203771587
Collet, C. (2013). The possession game? A comparative analysis of ball retention and team success in European and international football, 2007–2010. Journal of Sports Science, 31(2), 123-136. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.727455
de Vasconcellos, C., & Dimeo, P. (2009). The experience of migration for Brazilian football players. Sport in Society, 12(6), 725-736. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430430902944159
Gamonales, J., Gómez-Carmona, C., Córdoba-Caro, L., & Ibáñez, S. (2019). Influencia del perfil de entrenador en el diseño de las tareas en el fútbol. Estudio de caso. Journal of Sport and Health Research, 11(1), 69-82. https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=7023960
Gómez, M., Mitrotasios, M., Armatas, V., & Lago-Peñas, C. (2018). Analysis of playing styles according to team quality and match location in Greek professional soccer. Internation Journal of Performance and Analysis in Sport, 18(6), 986-997. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2018.1539382
Gómez, M., Gómez-Lopez, M., Lago-Peñas, C., & Sampaio, J. (2012). Effects of game location and final outcome on game-related statistics in each zone of the pitch in professional football. European Journal of Sport Science, 12(5), 393-398. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2011.566373
Göral, K. (2015). Passing success percentages and ball possession rates of successful teams in 2014 FIFA World Cup. International Journal of Sport Culture and Science, 3(1), 86-95. https://doi.org/10.14486/IJSCS239
Hopkins, W. (2007). Spreadsheets for analysis of controlled trials with adjustment for a predictor. Sportscience, 11, 22-24.
Hopkins, W., Marshall, S., Batterham, A., & Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41(1), 3-12. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278
Hughes, M., & Franks, I. (2005). Analysis of passing sequences, shots and goals in soccer. Journal of Sports Science, 23(5), 509-514. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410410001716779
IFFHS (2019). The International Federation of Football History & Statistics. 2019 Ranking IFFHS. https://www.iffhs.de/posts/58
Konefał, M., Chmura, P., Andrzejewski, M., Pukszta, D., & Chmura, J. (2015). Analysis of match performance of full-backs from selected European soccer leagues. Central of European Journal of Sports Sciences and Medicine, 11(3), 45–53. https://www.academia.edu/55124516/Analysis_of_Match_Performance_of_Full_backs_from_Selected_European_Soccer_Leagues
Lago-Ballesteros, J., Lago-Peñas, C., & Rey, E. (2012). The effect of playing tactics and situational variables on achieving score-box possessions in a professional soccer team. Journal of Sports Science, 30(14), 1455-1461. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.712715
Littlewood, M., Mullen, C., & Richardson, D. (2011). Football labour migration: An examination of the player recruitment strategies of the ‘big five’European football leagues 2004–5 to 2008–9. Soccer & Society, 12(6), 788-805. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2011.609680
Liu, H., Yi, Q., Giménez, J., Gómez, M., & Lago-Peñas, C. (2015). Performance profiles of football teams in the UEFA Champions League considering situational efficiency. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 15(1), 371-390. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2015.11868799
Mackenzie, R., & Cushion, C. (2013). Performance analysis in football: A critical review and implications for future research. Journal of Sports Science, 31(6), 639-676. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.746720
Maguire, J., & Pearton, R. (2000). The impact of elite labour migration on the identification, selection and development of European soccer players. Journal of Sports Science, 18(9), 759-769. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410050120131
Mitrotasios, M., González-Ródenas, J., Armatas, V., & Aranda, R. (2019). The creation of goal scoring opportunities in professional soccer. Tactical differences between Spanish La Liga, English Premier League, German Bundesliga and Italian Serie A. International Journal of Performance and Analysis in Sport, 19(3), 452–465. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2019.1618568
Morgans, R., Adams, D., Mullen, R., Sacramento, J., McLellan, C., & Williams, M. (2015). A comparison of physical and technical match performance of a team competing in the English championship league and then the English Premier League following promotion. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 10(2-3), 543-549. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.10.2-3.543
Oberstone, J. (2011). Comparing team performance of the English premier league, Serie A, and La Liga for the 2008-2009 season. Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.2202/1559-0410.1280
Redwood-Brown, A., O’Donoghue, P., Nevill, A., Saward, C., & Sunderland, C. (2019). Effects of playing position, pitch location, opposition ability and team ability on the technical performance of elite soccer players in different score line states. PloS one, 14(2). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211707
Sainz de Baranda, P., Adán, L., García-Angulo, A., Gómez-López, M., Nikolic, B., & Ortega-Toro, E. (2019). Differences in the offensive and defensive actions of the goalkeepers at women’s FIFA World Cup 2011. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 1-10, 223. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00223
Sarmento, H., Anguera, T., Campaniço, J., & Leitão, J. (2010). Development and validation of a notational system to study the offensive process in football. Medicina, 46(6), 401. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina46060056
Sarmento, H., Figueiredo, A., Lago-Peñas, C., Milanovic, Z., Barbosa, A., Tadeu, P., & Bradley, P. S. (2018). Influence of Tactical and Situational Variables on Offensive Sequences During Elite Football Matches. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(8), 2331-2339. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002147
Sarmento, H., Pereira, A., Matos, N., Campaniço, J., Anguera, T., & Leitão, J. (2013). English Premier League, Spaińs La Liga and Italýs Seriés A–What’s Different?. International Journal of Performance and Analysis in Sport, 13(3), 773-789. https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2013.11868688
Smith, R., & Lyons, K. (2017). A strategic analysis of goals scored in open play in four FIFA World Cup football championships between 2002 and 2014. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 12(3), 398-403. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954117710516
Tenga, A., Holme, I., Ronglan, L., & Bahr, R. (2010). Effects of match location on playing tactics for goal scoring in Norwegian professional soccer. Journal of Sport Behavior, 33(1), 89.
Tenga, A., Holme, I., Ronglan, L., & Bahr, R. (2010). Effect of playing tactics on achieving score-box possessions in a random series of team possessions from Norwegian professional soccer matches. Journal of Sport Science, 28(3), 245-255. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903502766
Tenga, A., Mortensholm, A., & O’Donoghue, P. (2017). Opposition interaction in creating penetration during match play in elite soccer: evidence from UEFA champions league matches. Internation Journal of Performance and Analysis in Sport, 17(5), 802-812. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2017.1399326
UEFA. (2019). Association club coefficients 2018/19. UEFA Ranking. Retrieved on May 16, 2022 from: https://www.uefa.com/nationalassociations/uefarankings/club/#/yr/2019
Varley, M., Gregson, W., McMillan, K., Bonanno, D., Stafford, K., Modonutti, M., & Di Salvo, V. (2017). Physical and technical performance of elite youth soccer players during international tournaments: influence of playing position and team success and opponent quality. Science and Medicine in Football, 1(1), 18-29. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1230676
Yang, G., Leicht, A., Lago, C., & Gómez, M. (2018). Key team physical and technical performance indicators indicative of team quality in the soccer Chinese super league. Research in Sports Medicine, 26(2), 158-167. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2018.1431539
Yi, Q., Groom, R., Dai, C., Liu, H., & Gómez, M. A. (2019). Differences in Technical Performance of Players From ‘The Big Five’European Football Leagues in the UEFA Champions League. Frontiers of Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02738
MHSalud: Journal in Human Movement Sciences and Health by the Universidad Nacional is cover under a Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Costa Rica license.
The journal is hosted in open access repositories such as the Institutional Repository of the Universidad Nacional, the Kimuk Repository of Costa Rica and La Referencia.
The editorial source of the journal must be recognized. Use the doi identifier for this purpose.
Self-archiving policy: The journal allows the self-archiving of the articles in their peer-reviewed version, edited and approved by the Editorial Board of the Journal to be available in Open Access through the Internet. More information in the following link: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/25815