Effect of an aerobic exercise program and a weight circuit program on the quality of life, dyspnea, and cardiorespiratory resistance in subjects with chronic pulmonary disease

  • Henry Delgado Acosta Hospital Calderón Guardia, Costa Rica
  • Ernesto Acuña Corrales EKA Centro de Salud Física, Costa Rica
Keywords: Chronic pulmonary disease, aerobic exercises, anaerobic exercises, weight lifting, cardiorespiratory capacity, dyspnea, quality of life

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determinate the effect of an aerobic exercise program and a weight circuit program on the quality of life, dyspnea and cardiorespiratory resistance in subjects with Chronic Pulmonary Disease (CPD). Methodology: the rehabilitation program was conducted for eight weeks, including a pre-test and a post-test, one on-site supervised session per week and two home sessions with direct telephone communication. Instruments: the St. George Respiratory Questionnaire was used to measure quality of life, the Borg Scale to measure dyspnea, and the Six Minute Walk Test to measure cardiorespiratory resistance. Subjects: 38 patients previously diagnosed with CPD, 18 men and 20 women; 27 subjects with an obstructive pathology and 11 with a restrictive pathology, with an average age of 69.8 ± 9.34 years.  Subjects were randomly divided into two groups: one did aerobic exercises (22 subjects) and the other one did aerobic exercises and resistance training (16 subjects). Statistical Analysis: Four-Way ANOVA (2x2x2x2) for the variables sex, treatment, and pathology.  Results: significant differences were found between measurements of the following variables: dyspnea (pre-test: 7.18 ± 0.69 points and post-test: 4.89 ± 0.68 points) (F = 228.770; p < 0.05), quality of  life (pre-test: 59.68 ± 7.50 points and post-test 81.75 ± 7.33 points ) (F = 228.770; p < 0.05), cardiorespiratory resistance  (pre-test 384.95 ± 51.02 mts. and post-test 432 ± 37.41 mts.) (F: 59.9; p<0.01).  However, no differences were found in sex, activity program or disease (p>0.05), or any interaction between variables (p>0.05). Conclusion: aerobic and anaerobic exercises improve the degree of dyspnea, the quality of life, and the cardiorespiratory resistance in CPD patients.

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Published
2007-07-31
How to Cite
Delgado Acosta, H., & Acuña Corrales, E. (2007). Effect of an aerobic exercise program and a weight circuit program on the quality of life, dyspnea, and cardiorespiratory resistance in subjects with chronic pulmonary disease. MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.4-1.1
Section
Scientific Articles

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