Transtheoretical model for behavior changes: an important tool when adopting active life

Keywords: Transtheoritical Model, intervention, behavior change, physical activity, nutrition, behavioral processes, cognitive processes, stages of change


Despite the worship of beauty that has ruled this globalized society and the importance of physical activity for the prevention of cardio-degenerative diseases (US.DHHS, 1996), sedentary behavior continues to increase in the population.  What strategies can be used by professionals of human movement to make the population physically active? It is at this point where the Transtheoretical Model appears as an innovative option that greatly surpasses the classic short-term biological interventions, which have focused on momentary changes produced by physiological values.  This model has great potential since it offers the theoretical basis that makes the acquisition of an active behavior possible.  This article explains the theoretical basis of the transtheoretical model, including the way to assess the stages of change and to develop different strategies to make the person active by using behavioral processes and processes of change.


Álvarez, C. (2001). Teoría transteorética: aplicación en estudiantes de secundaria. Manuscrito no publicado.

Cardinal, B. (1997). Construct validity of stages of change for exercise behavior. American

Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 68-74.

Cardinal, B., Engels, K., & Zhu, W. (1998). Application of the transtheoretical model of behavior change to preadolescents physical activity and exercise behavior. Pediatric Exercise Science, 10, 69-80.

Caspersen, A. (1987). Physical inactivity and coronary heart disease. Physician and Sport

Medicine, 15, 43-24.

Corbin, C., & Pancrazi, R. (1996). How much physical activity is enough? JOPERD, 67, 33-39.

DiClemente, C., Prochaska, J., Fairhurst, S., Velicer, W., Velasquez, M., & Rossi, J. (1991).

The process of smoking cessation: an analysis of precontemplation, contemplation, and

preparation stages of change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 295-305.

Dishman, R. (1988). Exercise Adherence. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Dishman, R. (1991). Increasing and maintaining exercise and physical activity. Behavior

Theory, 22, 345-378.

Fletcher, F., Gary, J., Balady, Ezra A., Amsterdam, B. C., Eckel, R., Fleg, J., Froelicher, V. F., Leon, A. S., Piña, I. L., Rodney, R., Simons-Morton, D. A., Williams, M. A., & Bazzarre, T. (2001). Exercise standards for testing and training. Circulation, 104, 1694.

Marcus, B. & Forsyth, F. (2003). Motivating People to be Physically Active. Nueva York: Human Kinetics.

Marcus, B., Selby, V., Niaura, R., & Rossi, J. (1992). Self-efficacy and the stages for exercise behavior change. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 60(1), 66.

Marcus, B., & Owen, N. (1992). Motivational readiness, self-efficacy and decision-making for exercise. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22, 3-16.

OConnor, M. L. (1994). Exercise promotion in physical education: Application of the

Transtheoretical Model. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 14, 2-12.

Pate, C., Trost, S., Dpwda, M.,Ott, A., Ward, D., & Saunder, R. (1999). Tracking of physical activity, physical inactivity, and health-related physical fitness in rural youth. Pediatric Exercise Science, 11, 364-376.

Prochaska, J., & Bess, M. (1994). The transtheoretical model: applications to exercise Advances in exercise adherence. Dishman, R. (edit). Nueva York: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Prochaska, J., DiClemente, C., & Norcross, J. (1992). In search of how people change.

American Psychologist, 47, 1102-1114.

Prochaska, J., & DiClemente, C. (1985). Coping and Substance Use. New York: Academic


U.S.Department of Health and Human Services. (1996). Physical activity and health - A report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control Printing Office.

Wrigth, M., Patterson, D., & Cardinal, B. (2000). Increasing children physical activity.

JOPERD, 71, 26-29.

How to Cite
Álvarez, C. (2008). Transtheoretical model for behavior changes: an important tool when adopting active life. MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 5(1).
Scientific Articles

Comentarios (ver términos de uso)