OBESITY AND SELF-REGULATION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EATING BEHAVIORS IN COLLEGE STUDENTS: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

  • Yolanda Campos Uscanga Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5114-3621
  • Tania Romo González Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0097-4780
  • Luis Eduardo del Moral Trinidad Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana
  • Nelly Itzel Carmona Hernández Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana
Keywords: body mass index, physical activity, eating behaviors, students

Abstract

This study aims to determinate if there are variations in the body mass index (BMI) after the first two years of college life and also to determinate if these variations are influenced by self-regulation. This is a quantitative prospective study from the years 2013 to 2015. We measured 59 Nursing students from a public University in Mexico that were admitted in 2013. We used two scales to asses self-regulation, one for to asses eating behaviors and another for physical activity, and also we used well calibrated anthropometry instruments. The results showed that in women’s group weight, BMI, waist and hip circumference, increased at the final measured as compare to the initial data, while there was a decrease in the hip/waist ratio, the waist and hip circumference and a decrease in self-regulation of eating behaviors. The initial values in self-evaluation of physical activity and eating behaviors are associated with BMI in the last measure (β = 0.353; p = 0.006) and higher initials scores in self-observation of physical activity are prognostic factors of a diminution of the BMI (β = 0.782; p = 0.001).  Thus, the findings suggest that lower levels of self-regulation of physical activity are linked to the rise in BMI, which confirms the hypothesis that self-regulation skills are not only useful in the treatment of obesity but also in its prevention.

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Author Biographies

Yolanda Campos Uscanga, Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana
Licenciada en Psicología, Maestra en Salud Pública con área disciplinar en Epidemiología y Doctora en Psicología. Investigadora de tiempo completo del Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, México.
Tania Romo González, Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana
Química Farmacéutico Bióloga y Doctora en Investigación Biomédica Básica. Investigadora de tiempo completo del Área de Biología y Salud Integral, Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, México.
Luis Eduardo del Moral Trinidad, Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana
Estudiante de la Licenciatura en Medicina, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, México.
Nelly Itzel Carmona Hernández, Instituto de Salud Pública, Universidad Veracruzana
Estudiante de la Licenciatura en Medicina, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Veracruz, México.

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Published
2017-08-11
How to Cite
Campos Uscanga, Y., Romo González, T., del Moral Trinidad, L. E., & Carmona Hernández, N. (2017). OBESITY AND SELF-REGULATION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EATING BEHAVIORS IN COLLEGE STUDENTS: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY. MHSalud: Revista En Ciencias Del Movimiento Humano Y Salud, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.15359/mhs.14-1.4